last sync: 2023-Jan-27 18:40:07 UTC

Azure Policy definition

Audit privileged functions

Name Audit privileged functions
Azure Portal
Id f26af0b1-65b6-689a-a03f-352ad2d00f98
Version 1.1.0
details on versioning
Category Regulatory Compliance
Microsoft docs
Description CMA_0019 - Audit privileged functions
Mode All
Type BuiltIn
Preview FALSE
Deprecated FALSE
Effect Default
Manual
Allowed
Manual, Disabled
RBAC
Role(s)
none
Rule
Aliases
Rule
ResourceTypes
IF (1)
Microsoft.Resources/subscriptions
Compliance The following 83 compliance controls are associated with this Policy definition 'Audit privileged functions' (f26af0b1-65b6-689a-a03f-352ad2d00f98)
Control Domain Control Name MetadataId Category Title Owner Requirements Description Info Policy#
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 1.8 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_1.8 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.8 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Notify all admins when other admins reset their password?' is set to 'Yes' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all administrators are notified if any other administrator resets their password. link 10
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 2.14 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_2.14 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 2.14 2 Security Center Ensure ASC Default policy setting "Monitor SQL Auditing" is not "Disabled" Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable SQL auditing recommendations. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 3.3 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_3.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.3 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage logging is enabled for Queue service for read, write, and delete requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Queue service stores messages that may be read by any client who has access to the storage account. A queue can contain an unlimited number of messages, each of which can be up to 64KB in size using version 2011-08-18 or newer. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the queues. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.1 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.1 4 Database Services Ensure that 'Auditing' is set to 'On' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable auditing on SQL Servers. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.12 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.12 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.12 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_checkpoints' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_checkpoints' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.14 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.14 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.14 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_connections' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_connections' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.15 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.15 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.15 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_disconnections' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_disconnections' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.16 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.16 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.16 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_duration' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_duration' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 4
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.17 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.17 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.17 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'connection_throttling' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'connection_throttling' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 4.2 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_4.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.2 4 Database Services Ensure that 'AuditActionGroups' in 'auditing' policy for a SQL server is set properly Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Configure the 'AuditActionGroups' property to appropriate groups to capture all the critical activities on the SQL Server and all the SQL databases hosted on the SQL server. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 5.1.7 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_5.1.7 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.1.7 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure that logging for Azure KeyVault is 'Enabled' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable AuditEvent logging for key vault instances to ensure interactions with key vaults are logged and available. link 6
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 1.8 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_1.8 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.8 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Notify all admins when other admins reset their password?' is set to 'Yes' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all administrators are notified if any other administrator resets their password. link 10
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 3.10 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_3.10 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.10 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage logging is enabled for Blob service for read, write, and delete requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Blob service provides scalable, cost-efficient objective storage in the cloud. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the blobs. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 3.11 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_3.11 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.11 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage logging is enabled for Table service for read, write, and delete requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Table storage is a service that stores structure NoSQL data in the cloud, providing a key/attribute store with a schema less design. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the tables. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 3.3 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_3.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.3 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage logging is enabled for Queue service for read, write, and delete requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Queue service stores messages that may be read by any client who has access to the storage account. A queue can contain an unlimited number of messages, each of which can be up to 64KB in size using version 2011-08-18 or newer. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the queues. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 4.1.1 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_4.1.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.1.1 4 Database Services Ensure that 'Auditing' is set to 'On' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable auditing on SQL Servers. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 4.3.3 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_4.3.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.3 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_checkpoints' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_checkpoints' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 4.3.4 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_4.3.4 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.4 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_connections' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_connections' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 4.3.5 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_4.3.5 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.5 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_disconnections' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_disconnections' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 4.3.6 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_4.3.6 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.6 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'connection_throttling' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'connection_throttling' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 5.1.2 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_5.1.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.1.2 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure Diagnostic Setting captures appropriate categories Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The diagnostic setting should be configured to log the appropriate activities from the control/management plane. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 5.1.5 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_5.1.5 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.1.5 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure that logging for Azure KeyVault is 'Enabled' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable AuditEvent logging for key vault instances to ensure interactions with key vaults are logged and available. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 5.3 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_5.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.3 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure that Diagnostic Logs are enabled for all services which support it. Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Diagnostic Logs capture activity to the data access plane while the Activity log is a subscription-level log for the control plane. Resource-level diagnostic logs provide insight into operations that were performed within that resource itself, for example, getting a secret from a Key Vault. Currently, 32 Azure resources support Diagnostic Logging (See the references section for a complete list), including Network Security Groups, Load Balancers, Key Vault, AD, Logic Apps and CosmosDB. The content of these logs varies by resource type. For example, Windows event system logs are a category of diagnostics logs for VMs, and blob, table, and queue logs are categories of diagnostics logs for storage accounts. A number of back-end services were not configured to log and store Diagnostic Logs for certain activities or for a sufficient length. It is crucial that logging systems are correctly configured to log all relevant activities and retain those logs for a sufficient length of time. By default, Diagnostic Logs are not enabled. Given that the mean time to detection in an enterprise is 240 days, a minimum retention period of two years is recommended. Note: The CIS Benchmark covers some specific Diagnostic Logs separately. ''' 3.3 - Ensure Storage logging is enabled for Queue service for read, write, and delete requests 6.4 Ensure that Network Security Group Flow Log retention period is 'greater than 90 days' ''' link 21
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 1.8 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_1.8 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.8 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure That 'Notify all admins when other admins reset their password?' is set to 'Yes' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all administrators are notified if any other administrator resets their password. link 10
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 3.10 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_3.10 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.10 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage logging is Enabled for Blob Service for 'Read', 'Write', and 'Delete' requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Blob service provides scalable, cost-efficient objective storage in the cloud. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the blobs. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 3.11 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_3.11 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.11 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage Logging is Enabled for Table Service for 'Read', 'Write', and 'Delete' Requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Table storage is a service that stores structure NoSQL data in the cloud, providing a key/attribute store with a schema less design. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the tables. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 3.3 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_3.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.3 3 Storage Accounts Ensure Storage Logging is Enabled for Queue Service for 'Read', 'Write', and 'Delete' requests Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The Storage Queue service stores messages that may be read by any client who has access to the storage account. A queue can contain an unlimited number of messages, each of which can be up to 64KB in size using version 2011-08-18 or newer. Storage Logging happens server-side and allows details for both successful and failed requests to be recorded in the storage account. These logs allow users to see the details of read, write, and delete operations against the queues. Storage Logging log entries contain the following information about individual requests: Timing information such as start time, end-to-end latency, and server latency, authentication details , concurrency information and the sizes of the request and response messages. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 4.1.1 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_4.1.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.1.1 4 Database Services Ensure that 'Auditing' is set to 'On' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable auditing on SQL Servers. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 4.3.2 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_4.3.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.2 4 Database Services Ensure Server Parameter 'log_checkpoints' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_checkpoints' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 4.3.3 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_4.3.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.3 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_connections' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_connections' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 4.3.4 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_4.3.4 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.4 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'log_disconnections' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'log_disconnections' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 4.3.5 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_4.3.5 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 4.3.5 4 Database Services Ensure server parameter 'connection_throttling' is set to 'ON' for PostgreSQL Database Server Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable 'connection_throttling' on 'PostgreSQL Servers'. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 5.1.2 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_5.1.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.1.2 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure Diagnostic Setting captures appropriate categories Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The diagnostic setting should be configured to log the appropriate activities from the control/management plane. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 5.1.5 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_5.1.5 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.1.5 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure that logging for Azure KeyVault is 'Enabled' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Enable AuditEvent logging for key vault instances to ensure interactions with key vaults are logged and available. link 5
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 5.3 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_5.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 5.3 5 Logging and Monitoring Ensure that Diagnostic Logs Are Enabled for All Services that Support it. Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Diagnostic Logs capture activity to the data access plane while the Activity log is a subscription-level log for the control plane. Resource-level diagnostic logs provide insight into operations that were performed within that resource itself, for example, getting a secret from a Key Vault. Currently, 32 Azure resources support Diagnostic Logging (See the references section for a complete list), including Network Security Groups, Load Balancers, Key Vault, AD, Logic Apps and CosmosDB. The content of these logs varies by resource type. For example, Windows event system logs are a category of diagnostics logs for VMs, and blob, table, and queue logs are categories of diagnostics logs for storage accounts. A number of back-end services were not configured to log and store Diagnostic Logs for certain activities or for a sufficient length. It is crucial that logging systems are correctly configured to log all relevant activities and retain those logs for a sufficient length of time. By default, Diagnostic Logs are not enabled. Given that the mean time to detection in an enterprise is 240 days, a minimum retention period of two years is recommended. Note: The CIS Benchmark covers some specific Diagnostic Logs separately. ''' 3.3 - Ensure Storage logging is enabled for Queue service for read, write, and delete requests 6.4 Ensure that Network Security Group Flow Log retention period is 'greater than 90 days' ''' link 21
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-2(7) FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-2(7) FedRAMP High AC-2 (7) Access Control Role-Based Schemes Shared n/a The organization: (a) Establishes and administers privileged user accounts in accordance with a role-based access scheme that organizes allowed information system access and privileges into roles; (b) Monitors privileged role assignments; and (c) Takes [Assignment: organization-defined actions] when privileged role assignments are no longer appropriate. Supplemental Guidance: Privileged roles are organization-defined roles assigned to individuals that allow those individuals to perform certain security-relevant functions that ordinary users are not authorized to perform. These privileged roles include, for example, key management, account management, network and system administration, database administration, and web administration. link 10
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-6(9) FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-6(9) FedRAMP High AC-6 (9) Access Control Auditing Use Of Privileged Functions Shared n/a The information system audits the execution of privileged functions. Supplemental Guidance: Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse, and in doing so, help mitigate the risk from insider threats and the advanced persistent threat (APT). Related control: AU-2. link 6
FedRAMP_High_R4 AU-12 FedRAMP_High_R4_AU-12 FedRAMP High AU-12 Audit And Accountability Audit Generation Shared n/a The information system: a. Provides audit record generation capability for the auditable events defined in AU-2 a. at [Assignment: organization-defined information system components]; b. Allows [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select which auditable events are to be audited by specific components of the information system; and c. Generates audit records for the events defined in AU-2 d. with the content defined in AU-3. Supplemental Guidance: Audit records can be generated from many different information system components. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. These events are typically a subset of all events for which the information system is capable of generating audit records. Related controls: AC-3, AU-2, AU-3, AU-6, AU-7. References: None. link 39
FedRAMP_High_R4 RA-5(8) FedRAMP_High_R4_RA-5(8) FedRAMP High RA-5 (8) Risk Assessment Review Historic Audit Logs Shared n/a The organization reviews historic audit logs to determine if a vulnerability identified in the information system has been previously exploited. Supplemental Guidance: Related control: AU-6. link 15
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-2(7) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-2(7) FedRAMP Moderate AC-2 (7) Access Control Role-Based Schemes Shared n/a The organization: (a) Establishes and administers privileged user accounts in accordance with a role-based access scheme that organizes allowed information system access and privileges into roles; (b) Monitors privileged role assignments; and (c) Takes [Assignment: organization-defined actions] when privileged role assignments are no longer appropriate. Supplemental Guidance: Privileged roles are organization-defined roles assigned to individuals that allow those individuals to perform certain security-relevant functions that ordinary users are not authorized to perform. These privileged roles include, for example, key management, account management, network and system administration, database administration, and web administration. link 10
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-6(9) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-6(9) FedRAMP Moderate AC-6 (9) Access Control Auditing Use Of Privileged Functions Shared n/a The information system audits the execution of privileged functions. Supplemental Guidance: Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse, and in doing so, help mitigate the risk from insider threats and the advanced persistent threat (APT). Related control: AU-2. link 6
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AU-12 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AU-12 FedRAMP Moderate AU-12 Audit And Accountability Audit Generation Shared n/a The information system: a. Provides audit record generation capability for the auditable events defined in AU-2 a. at [Assignment: organization-defined information system components]; b. Allows [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select which auditable events are to be audited by specific components of the information system; and c. Generates audit records for the events defined in AU-2 d. with the content defined in AU-3. Supplemental Guidance: Audit records can be generated from many different information system components. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. These events are typically a subset of all events for which the information system is capable of generating audit records. Related controls: AC-3, AU-2, AU-3, AU-6, AU-7. References: None. link 39
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 RA-5(8) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_RA-5(8) FedRAMP Moderate RA-5 (8) Risk Assessment Review Historic Audit Logs Shared n/a The organization reviews historic audit logs to determine if a vulnerability identified in the information system has been previously exploited. Supplemental Guidance: Related control: AU-6. link 15
hipaa 0217.09j2Organizational.10-09.j hipaa-0217.09j2Organizational.10-09.j 0217.09j2Organizational.10-09.j 02 Endpoint Protection 0217.09j2Organizational.10-09.j 09.04 Protection Against Malicious and Mobile Code Shared n/a The organization configures malicious code and spam protection mechanisms to (i) perform periodic scans of the information system according to organization guidelines; (ii) perform real-time scans of files from external sources at endpoints and network entry/exit points as the files are downloaded, opened, or executed in accordance with organizational security policy; and, (iii) block malicious code, quarantine malicious code, or send an alert to the administrator in response to malicious code detection. 25
hipaa 0663.10h1System.7-10.h hipaa-0663.10h1System.7-10.h 0663.10h1System.7-10.h 06 Configuration Management 0663.10h1System.7-10.h 10.04 Security of System Files Shared n/a The operating system has in place supporting technical controls such as antivirus, file integrity monitoring, host-based (personal) firewalls or port filtering tools, and logging as part of its baseline. 16
hipaa 0714.10m2Organizational.7-10.m hipaa-0714.10m2Organizational.7-10.m 0714.10m2Organizational.7-10.m 07 Vulnerability Management 0714.10m2Organizational.7-10.m 10.06 Technical Vulnerability Management Shared n/a The technical vulnerability management program is evaluated on a quarterly basis. 20
hipaa 0790.10m3Organizational.22-10.m hipaa-0790.10m3Organizational.22-10.m 0790.10m3Organizational.22-10.m 07 Vulnerability Management 0790.10m3Organizational.22-10.m 10.06 Technical Vulnerability Management Shared n/a The organization reviews historic audit logs to determine if high vulnerability scan findings identified in the information system have been previously exploited. 17
hipaa 1129.01v1System.12-01.v hipaa-1129.01v1System.12-01.v 1129.01v1System.12-01.v 11 Access Control 1129.01v1System.12-01.v 01.06 Application and Information Access Control Shared n/a Access rights to applications and application functions should be restricted in accordance with the access control policy. 12
hipaa 1145.01c2System.1-01.c hipaa-1145.01c2System.1-01.c 1145.01c2System.1-01.c 11 Access Control 1145.01c2System.1-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a Role-based access control is implemented and capable of mapping each user to one or more roles, and each role to one or more system functions. 8
hipaa 1151.01c3System.1-01.c hipaa-1151.01c3System.1-01.c 1151.01c3System.1-01.c 11 Access Control 1151.01c3System.1-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization limits authorization to privileged accounts on information systems to a pre-defined subset of users. 7
hipaa 1152.01c3System.2-01.c hipaa-1152.01c3System.2-01.c 1152.01c3System.2-01.c 11 Access Control 1152.01c3System.2-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization audits the execution of privileged functions on information systems and ensures information systems prevent non-privileged users from executing privileged functions. 9
hipaa 1207.09aa2System.4-09.aa hipaa-1207.09aa2System.4-09.aa 1207.09aa2System.4-09.aa 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1207.09aa2System.4-09.aa 09.10 Monitoring Shared n/a Audit records are retained for 90 days and older audit records are archived for one year. 13
hipaa 1210.09aa3System.3-09.aa hipaa-1210.09aa3System.3-09.aa 1210.09aa3System.3-09.aa 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1210.09aa3System.3-09.aa 09.10 Monitoring Shared n/a All disclosures of covered information within or outside of the organization are logged including type of disclosure, date/time of the event, recipient, and sender. 11
hipaa 1214.09ab2System.3456-09.ab hipaa-1214.09ab2System.3456-09.ab 1214.09ab2System.3456-09.ab 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1214.09ab2System.3456-09.ab 09.10 Monitoring Shared n/a Monitoring includes privileged operations, authorized access or unauthorized access attempts, including attempts to access deactivated accounts, and system alerts or failures. 9
hipaa 1230.09c2Organizational.1-09.c hipaa-1230.09c2Organizational.1-09.c 1230.09c2Organizational.1-09.c 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1230.09c2Organizational.1-09.c 09.01 Documented Operating Procedures Shared n/a No single person is able to access, modify, or use information systems without authorization or detection. 13
hipaa 1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c hipaa-1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c 1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c 09.01 Documented Operating Procedures Shared n/a Access for individuals responsible for administering access controls is limited to the minimum necessary based upon each user's role and responsibilities and these individuals cannot access audit functions related to these controls. 21
hipaa 1270.09ad1System.12-09.ad hipaa-1270.09ad1System.12-09.ad 1270.09ad1System.12-09.ad 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1270.09ad1System.12-09.ad 09.10 Monitoring Shared n/a The organization ensures proper logging is enabled in order to audit administrator activities; and reviews system administrator and operator logs on a regular basis. 18
hipaa 1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c hipaa-1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c 1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c 09.01 Documented Operating Procedures Shared n/a Security audit activities are independent. 18
hipaa 1451.05iCSPOrganizational.2-05.i hipaa-1451.05iCSPOrganizational.2-05.i 1451.05iCSPOrganizational.2-05.i 14 Third Party Assurance 1451.05iCSPOrganizational.2-05.i 05.02 External Parties Shared n/a Cloud service providers design and implement controls to mitigate and contain data security risks through proper separation of duties, role-based access, and least-privilege access for all personnel within their supply chain. 21
ISO27001-2013 A.12.4.1 ISO27001-2013_A.12.4.1 ISO 27001:2013 A.12.4.1 Operations Security Event Logging Shared n/a Event logs recording user activities, exceptions, faults and information security events shall be produced, kept and regularly reviewed. link 53
ISO27001-2013 A.12.4.3 ISO27001-2013_A.12.4.3 ISO 27001:2013 A.12.4.3 Operations Security Administrator and operator logs Shared n/a System administrator and system operator activities shall be logged and the logs protected and regularly reviewed. link 29
ISO27001-2013 A.9.2.3 ISO27001-2013_A.9.2.3 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.2.3 Access Control Management of privileged access rights Shared n/a The allocation and use of privileged access rights shall be restricted and controlled. link 33
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .1.2 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.1.2 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.1.2 Access Control Limit system access to the types of transactions and functions that authorized users are permitted to execute. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Organizations may choose to define access privileges or other attributes by account, by type of account, or a combination of both. System account types include individual, shared, group, system, anonymous, guest, emergency, developer, manufacturer, vendor, and temporary. Other attributes required for authorizing access include restrictions on time-of-day, day-of-week, and point-of-origin. In defining other account attributes, organizations consider system-related requirements (e.g., system upgrades scheduled maintenance,) and mission or business requirements, (e.g., time zone differences, customer requirements, remote access to support travel requirements). link 31
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .1.7 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.1.7 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.1.7 Access Control Prevent non-privileged users from executing privileged functions and capture the execution of such functions in audit logs. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Privileged functions include establishing system accounts, performing system integrity checks, conducting patching operations, or administering cryptographic key management activities. Non-privileged users are individuals that do not possess appropriate authorizations. Circumventing intrusion detection and prevention mechanisms or malicious code protection mechanisms are examples of privileged functions that require protection from non-privileged users. Note that this requirement represents a condition to be achieved by the definition of authorized privileges in 3.1.2. Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Logging the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse, and in doing so, help mitigate the risk from insider threats and the advanced persistent threat. link 6
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .3.6 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.3.6 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.3.6 Audit and Accountability Provide audit record reduction and report generation to support on-demand analysis and reporting. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Audit record reduction is a process that manipulates collected audit information and organizes such information in a summary format that is more meaningful to analysts. Audit record reduction and report generation capabilities do not always emanate from the same system or organizational entities conducting auditing activities. Audit record reduction capability can include, for example, modern data mining techniques with advanced data filters to identify anomalous behavior in audit records. The report generation capability provided by the system can help generate customizable reports. Time ordering of audit records can be a significant issue if the granularity of the time stamp in the record is insufficient. link 7
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-2(7) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-2(7) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-2 (7) Access Control Role-Based Schemes Shared n/a The organization: (a) Establishes and administers privileged user accounts in accordance with a role-based access scheme that organizes allowed information system access and privileges into roles; (b) Monitors privileged role assignments; and (c) Takes [Assignment: organization-defined actions] when privileged role assignments are no longer appropriate. Supplemental Guidance: Privileged roles are organization-defined roles assigned to individuals that allow those individuals to perform certain security-relevant functions that ordinary users are not authorized to perform. These privileged roles include, for example, key management, account management, network and system administration, database administration, and web administration. link 10
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-6(9) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-6(9) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-6 (9) Access Control Auditing Use Of Privileged Functions Shared n/a The information system audits the execution of privileged functions. Supplemental Guidance: Misuse of privileged functions, either intentionally or unintentionally by authorized users, or by unauthorized external entities that have compromised information system accounts, is a serious and ongoing concern and can have significant adverse impacts on organizations. Auditing the use of privileged functions is one way to detect such misuse, and in doing so, help mitigate the risk from insider threats and the advanced persistent threat (APT). Related control: AU-2. link 6
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AU-12 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AU-12 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AU-12 Audit And Accountability Audit Generation Shared n/a The information system: a. Provides audit record generation capability for the auditable events defined in AU-2 a. at [Assignment: organization-defined information system components]; b. Allows [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select which auditable events are to be audited by specific components of the information system; and c. Generates audit records for the events defined in AU-2 d. with the content defined in AU-3. Supplemental Guidance: Audit records can be generated from many different information system components. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. These events are typically a subset of all events for which the information system is capable of generating audit records. Related controls: AC-3, AU-2, AU-3, AU-6, AU-7. References: None. link 39
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 RA-5(8) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_RA-5(8) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 RA-5 (8) Risk Assessment Review Historic Audit Logs Shared n/a The organization reviews historic audit logs to determine if a vulnerability identified in the information system has been previously exploited. Supplemental Guidance: Related control: AU-6. link 15
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-2(7) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-2(7) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-2 (7) Access Control Privileged User Accounts Shared n/a (a) Establish and administer privileged user accounts in accordance with [Selection: a role-based access scheme;an attribute-based access scheme] ; (b) Monitor privileged role or attribute assignments; (c) Monitor changes to roles or attributes; and (d) Revoke access when privileged role or attribute assignments are no longer appropriate. link 10
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-6(9) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-6(9) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-6 (9) Access Control Log Use of Privileged Functions Shared n/a Log the execution of privileged functions. link 6
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AU-12 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AU-12 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AU-12 Audit and Accountability Audit Record Generation Shared n/a a. Provide audit record generation capability for the event types the system is capable of auditing as defined in [AU-2a](#au-2_smt.a) on [Assignment: organization-defined system components]; b. Allow [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select the event types that are to be logged by specific components of the system; and c. Generate audit records for the event types defined in [AU-2c](#au-2_smt.c) that include the audit record content defined in [AU-3](#au-3). link 39
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 RA-5(8) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_RA-5(8) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 RA-5 (8) Risk Assessment Review Historic Audit Logs Shared n/a Review historic audit logs to determine if a vulnerability identified in a [Assignment: organization-defined system] has been previously exploited within an [Assignment: organization-defined time period]. link 15
PCI_DSS_v4.0 10.2.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_10.2.1 PCI DSS v4.0 10.2.1 Requirement 10: Log and Monitor All Access to System Components and Cardholder Data Audit logs are implemented to support the detection of anomalies and suspicious activity, and the forensic analysis of events Shared n/a Audit logs are enabled and active for all system components and cardholder data. link 4
PCI_DSS_v4.0 10.2.1.2 PCI_DSS_v4.0_10.2.1.2 PCI DSS v4.0 10.2.1.2 Requirement 10: Log and Monitor All Access to System Components and Cardholder Data Audit logs are implemented to support the detection of anomalies and suspicious activity, and the forensic analysis of events Shared n/a Audit logs capture all actions taken by any individual with administrative access, including any interactive use of application or system accounts. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 10.2.1.3 PCI_DSS_v4.0_10.2.1.3 PCI DSS v4.0 10.2.1.3 Requirement 10: Log and Monitor All Access to System Components and Cardholder Data Audit logs are implemented to support the detection of anomalies and suspicious activity, and the forensic analysis of events Shared n/a Audit logs capture all access to audit logs. link 8
PCI_DSS_v4.0 10.2.1.5 PCI_DSS_v4.0_10.2.1.5 PCI DSS v4.0 10.2.1.5 Requirement 10: Log and Monitor All Access to System Components and Cardholder Data Audit logs are implemented to support the detection of anomalies and suspicious activity, and the forensic analysis of events Shared n/a Audit logs capture all changes to identification and authentication credentials including, but not limited to: • Creation of new accounts. • Elevation of privileges. • All changes, additions, or deletions to accounts with administrative access. link 13
PCI_DSS_v4.0 10.2.1.6 PCI_DSS_v4.0_10.2.1.6 PCI DSS v4.0 10.2.1.6 Requirement 10: Log and Monitor All Access to System Components and Cardholder Data Audit logs are implemented to support the detection of anomalies and suspicious activity, and the forensic analysis of events Shared n/a Audit logs capture the following: • All initialization of new audit logs, and • All starting, stopping, or pausing of the existing audit logs. link 8
PCI_DSS_v4.0 10.6.3 PCI_DSS_v4.0_10.6.3 PCI DSS v4.0 10.6.3 Requirement 10: Log and Monitor All Access to System Components and Cardholder Data Time-synchronization mechanisms support consistent time settings across all systems Shared n/a Time synchronization settings and data are protected as follows: • Access to time data is restricted to only personnel with a business need. • Any changes to time settings on critical systems are logged, monitored, and reviewed. link 10
SOC_2 CC6.3 SOC_2_CC6.3 SOC 2 Type 2 CC6.3 Logical and Physical Access Controls Rol based access and least privilege Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. • Creates or Modifies Access to Protected Information Assets — Processes are in place to create or modify access to protected information assets based on authorization from the asset’s owner. • Removes Access to Protected Information Assets — Processes are in place to remove access to protected information assets when an individual no longer requires access. • Uses Role-Based Access Controls — Role-based access control is utilized to support segregation of incompatible functions. • Reviews Access Roles and Rules — The appropriateness of access roles and access rules is reviewed on a periodic basis for unnecessary and inappropriate individuals with access and access rules are modified as appropriate 20
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 1.2 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_1.2 SWIFT CSCF v2022 1.2 1. Restrict Internet Access & Protect Critical Systems from General IT Environment Restrict and control the allocation and usage of administrator-level operating system accounts. Shared n/a Access to administrator-level operating system accounts is restricted to the maximum extent possible. Usage is controlled, monitored, and only permitted for relevant activities such as software installation and configuration, maintenance, and emergency activities. At all other times, an account with the least privilege access is used. link 22
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 6.1 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_6.1 SWIFT CSCF v2022 6.1 6. Detect Anomalous Activity to Systems or Transaction Records Ensure that local SWIFT infrastructure is protected against malware and act upon results. Shared n/a Anti-malware software from a reputable vendor is installed, kept up-to-date on all systems, and results are considered for appropriate resolving actions. link 31
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 6.4 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_6.4 SWIFT CSCF v2022 6.4 6. Detect Anomalous Activity to Systems or Transaction Records Record security events and detect anomalous actions and operations within the local SWIFT environment. Shared n/a Capabilities to detect anomalous activity are implemented, and a process or tool is in place to keep and review logs. link 53
History
Date/Time (UTC ymd) (i) Change type Change detail
2022-09-27 16:35:32 change Minor (1.0.0 > 1.1.0)
2022-08-26 16:33:38 add f26af0b1-65b6-689a-a03f-352ad2d00f98
Initiatives
usage
Initiative DisplayName Initiative Id Initiative Category State Type
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.1.0 1a5bb27d-173f-493e-9568-eb56638dde4d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.3.0 612b5213-9160-4969-8578-1518bd2a000c Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.4.0 c3f5c4d9-9a1d-4a99-85c0-7f93e384d5c5 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP High d5264498-16f4-418a-b659-fa7ef418175f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP Moderate e95f5a9f-57ad-4d03-bb0b-b1d16db93693 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
HITRUST/HIPAA a169a624-5599-4385-a696-c8d643089fab Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
ISO 27001:2013 89c6cddc-1c73-4ac1-b19c-54d1a15a42f2 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-171 Rev. 2 03055927-78bd-4236-86c0-f36125a10dc9 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 cf25b9c1-bd23-4eb6-bd2c-f4f3ac644a5f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 179d1daa-458f-4e47-8086-2a68d0d6c38f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
PCI DSS v4 c676748e-3af9-4e22-bc28-50feed564afb Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SOC 2 Type 2 4054785f-702b-4a98-9215-009cbd58b141 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2022 7bc7cd6c-4114-ff31-3cac-59be3157596d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
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