last sync: 2023-Feb-06 18:40:05 UTC

Azure Policy definition

[Preview]: Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters should have Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension installed

Name [Preview]: Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters should have Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension installed
Azure Portal
Id 8dfab9c4-fe7b-49ad-85e4-1e9be085358f
Version 6.0.0-preview
details on versioning
Category Kubernetes
Microsoft docs
Description Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension for Azure Arc provides threat protection for your Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters. The extension collects data from all nodes in the cluster and sends it to the Azure Defender for Kubernetes backend in the cloud for further analysis. Learn more in https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/defender-for-cloud/defender-for-containers-enable?pivots=defender-for-container-arc.
Mode Indexed
Type BuiltIn
Preview true
Deprecated FALSE
Effect Default
AuditIfNotExists
Allowed
AuditIfNotExists, Disabled
RBAC
Role(s)
none
Rule
Aliases
IF (1)
Alias Namespace ResourceType DefaultPath Modifiable
Microsoft.Kubernetes/connectedClusters/distribution Microsoft.Kubernetes connectedClusters properties.distribution false
THEN-ExistenceCondition (2)
Alias Namespace ResourceType DefaultPath Modifiable
Microsoft.KubernetesConfiguration/extensions/extensionType Microsoft.KubernetesConfiguration extensions properties.extensionType false
Microsoft.KubernetesConfiguration/extensions/provisioningState Microsoft.KubernetesConfiguration extensions properties.provisioningState false
Rule
ResourceTypes
IF (1)
Microsoft.Kubernetes/connectedClusters
Compliance The following 37 compliance controls are associated with this Policy definition '[Preview]: Azure Arc enabled Kubernetes clusters should have Microsoft Defender for Cloud extension installed' (8dfab9c4-fe7b-49ad-85e4-1e9be085358f)
Control Domain Control Name MetadataId Category Title Owner Requirements Description Info Policy#
Azure_Security_Benchmark_v3.0 LT-1 Azure_Security_Benchmark_v3.0_LT-1 Azure Security Benchmark LT-1 Logging and Threat Detection Enable threat detection capabilities Shared **Security Principle:** To support threat detection scenarios, monitor all known resource types for known and expected threats and anomalies. Configure your alert filtering and analytics rules to extract high-quality alerts from log data, agents, or other data sources to reduce false positives. **Azure Guidance:** Use the threat detection capability of Azure Defender services in Microsoft Defender for Cloud for the respective Azure services. For threat detection not included in Azure Defender services, refer to the Azure Security Benchmark service baselines for the respective services to enable the threat detection or security alert capabilities within the service. Extract the alerts to your Azure Monitor or Azure Sentinel to build analytics rules, which hunt threats that match specific criteria across your environment. For Operational Technology (OT) environments that include computers that control or monitor Industrial Control System (ICS) or Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) resources, use Defender for IoT to inventory assets and detect threats and vulnerabilities. For services that do not have a native threat detection capability, consider collecting the data plane logs and analyze the threats through Azure Sentinel. **Implementation and additional context:** Introduction to Azure Defender: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/azure-defender Microsoft Defender for Cloud security alerts reference guide: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/alerts-reference Create custom analytics rules to detect threats: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/sentinel/tutorial-detect-threats-custom Cyber threat intelligence with Azure Sentinel: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/architecture/example-scenario/data/sentinel-threat-intelligence n/a link 17
Azure_Security_Benchmark_v3.0 LT-2 Azure_Security_Benchmark_v3.0_LT-2 Azure Security Benchmark LT-2 Logging and Threat Detection Enable threat detection for identity and access management Shared **Security Principle:** Detect threats for identities and access management by monitoring the user and application sign-in and access anomalies. Behavioral patterns such as excessive number of failed login attempts, and deprecated accounts in the subscription, should be alerted. **Azure Guidance:** Azure AD provides the following logs that can be viewed in Azure AD reporting or integrated with Azure Monitor, Azure Sentinel or other SIEM/monitoring tools for more sophisticated monitoring and analytics use cases: - Sign-ins: The sign-ins report provides information about the usage of managed applications and user sign-in activities. - Audit logs: Provides traceability through logs for all changes done by various features within Azure AD. Examples of audit logs include changes made to any resources within Azure AD like adding or removing users, apps, groups, roles and policies. - Risky sign-ins: A risky sign-in is an indicator for a sign-in attempt that might have been performed by someone who is not the legitimate owner of a user account. - Users flagged for risk: A risky user is an indicator for a user account that might have been compromised. Azure AD also provides an Identity Protection module to detect, and remediate risks related to user accounts and sign-in behaviors. Examples risks include leaked credentials, sign-in from anonymous or malware linked IP addresses, password spray. The policies in the Azure AD Identity Protection allow you to enforce risk-based MFA authentication in conjunction with Azure Conditional Access on user accounts. In addition, Microsoft Defender for Cloud can be configured to alert on deprecated accounts in the subscription and suspicious activities such as an excessive number of failed authentication attempts. In addition to the basic security hygiene monitoring, Microsoft Defender for Cloud's Threat Protection module can also collect more in-depth security alerts from individual Azure compute resources (such as virtual machines, containers, app service), data resources (such as SQL DB and storage), and Azure service layers. This capability allows you to see account anomalies inside the individual resources. Note: If you are connecting your on-premises Active Directory for synchronization, use the Microsoft Defender for Identity solution to consume your on-premises Active Directory signals to identify, detect, and investigate advanced threats, compromised identities, and malicious insider actions directed at your organization. **Implementation and additional context:** Audit activity reports in Azure AD: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/reports-monitoring/concept-audit-logs Enable Azure Identity Protection: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/identity-protection/overview-identity-protection Threat protection in Microsoft Defender for Cloud: https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/security-center/threat-protection n/a link 17
CMMC_2.0_L2 AU.L2-3.3.1 CMMC_2.0_L2_AU.L2-3.3.1 404 not found n/a n/a 40
CMMC_2.0_L2 AU.L2-3.3.2 CMMC_2.0_L2_AU.L2-3.3.2 404 not found n/a n/a 38
CMMC_2.0_L2 SI.L2-3.14.6 CMMC_2.0_L2_SI.L2-3.14.6 404 not found n/a n/a 29
CMMC_2.0_L2 SI.L2-3.14.7 CMMC_2.0_L2_SI.L2-3.14.7 404 not found n/a n/a 23
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-2(12) FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-2(12) FedRAMP High AC-2 (12) Access Control Account Monitoring / Atypical Usage Shared n/a The organization: (a) Monitors information system accounts for [Assignment: organization-defined atypical use]; and (b) Reports atypical usage of information system accounts to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. Supplemental Guidance: Atypical usage includes, for example, accessing information systems at certain times of the day and from locations that are not consistent with the normal usage patterns of individuals working in organizations. Related control: CA-7. link 14
FedRAMP_High_R4 AU-12 FedRAMP_High_R4_AU-12 FedRAMP High AU-12 Audit And Accountability Audit Generation Shared n/a The information system: a. Provides audit record generation capability for the auditable events defined in AU-2 a. at [Assignment: organization-defined information system components]; b. Allows [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select which auditable events are to be audited by specific components of the information system; and c. Generates audit records for the events defined in AU-2 d. with the content defined in AU-3. Supplemental Guidance: Audit records can be generated from many different information system components. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. These events are typically a subset of all events for which the information system is capable of generating audit records. Related controls: AC-3, AU-2, AU-3, AU-6, AU-7. References: None. link 39
FedRAMP_High_R4 AU-12(1) FedRAMP_High_R4_AU-12(1) FedRAMP High AU-12 (1) Audit And Accountability System-Wide / Time-Correlated Audit Trail Shared n/a The information system compiles audit records from [Assignment: organization-defined information system components] into a system-wide (logical or physical) audit trail that is time- correlated to within [Assignment: organization-defined level of tolerance for relationship between time stamps of individual records in the audit trail]. Supplemental Guidance: Audit trails are time-correlated if the time stamps in the individual audit records can be reliably related to the time stamps in other audit records to achieve a time ordering of the records within organizational tolerances. Related controls: AU-8, AU-12. link 36
FedRAMP_High_R4 AU-6 FedRAMP_High_R4_AU-6 FedRAMP High AU-6 Audit And Accountability Audit Review, Analysis, And Reporting Shared n/a The organization: a. Reviews and analyzes information system audit records [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] for indications of [Assignment: organization-defined inappropriate or unusual activity]; and b. Reports findings to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. Supplemental Guidance: Audit review, analysis, and reporting covers information security-related auditing performed by organizations including, for example, auditing that results from monitoring of account usage, remote access, wireless connectivity, mobile device connection, configuration settings, system component inventory, use of maintenance tools and nonlocal maintenance, physical access, temperature and humidity, equipment delivery and removal, communications at the information system boundaries, use of mobile code, and use of VoIP. Findings can be reported to organizational entities that include, for example, incident response team, help desk, information security group/department. If organizations are prohibited from reviewing and analyzing audit information or unable to conduct such activities (e.g., in certain national security applications or systems), the review/analysis may be carried out by other organizations granted such authority. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, AC-17, AT-3, AU-7, AU-16, CA-7, CM-5, CM-10, CM-11, IA-3, IA-5, IR-5, IR-6, MA-4, MP-4, PE-3, PE-6, PE-14, PE-16, RA-5, SC-7, SC-18, SC-19, SI-3, SI-4, SI-7. References: None. link 26
FedRAMP_High_R4 AU-6(4) FedRAMP_High_R4_AU-6(4) FedRAMP High AU-6 (4) Audit And Accountability Central Review And Analysis Shared n/a The information system provides the capability to centrally review and analyze audit records from multiple components within the system. Supplemental Guidance: Automated mechanisms for centralized reviews and analyses include, for example, Security Information Management products. Related controls: AU-2, AU-12. link 35
FedRAMP_High_R4 AU-6(5) FedRAMP_High_R4_AU-6(5) FedRAMP High AU-6 (5) Audit And Accountability Integration / Scanning And Monitoring Capabilities Shared n/a The organization integrates analysis of audit records with analysis of [Selection (one or more): vulnerability scanning information; performance data; information system monitoring information; [Assignment: organization-defined data/information collected from other sources]] to further enhance the ability to identify inappropriate or unusual activity. Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement does not require vulnerability scanning, the generation of performance data, or information system monitoring. Rather, the enhancement requires that the analysis of information being otherwise produced in these areas is integrated with the analysis of audit information. Security Event and Information Management System tools can facilitate audit record aggregation/consolidation from multiple information system components as well as audit record correlation and analysis. The use of standardized audit record analysis scripts developed by organizations (with localized script adjustments, as necessary) provides more cost-effective approaches for analyzing audit record information collected. The correlation of audit record information with vulnerability scanning information is important in determining the veracity of vulnerability scans and correlating attack detection events with scanning results. Correlation with performance data can help uncover denial of service attacks or cyber attacks resulting in unauthorized use of resources. Correlation with system monitoring information can assist in uncovering attacks and in better relating audit information to operational situations. Related controls: AU-12, IR-4, RA-5. link 36
FedRAMP_High_R4 SI-4 FedRAMP_High_R4_SI-4 FedRAMP High SI-4 System And Information Integrity Information System Monitoring Shared n/a The organization: a. Monitors the information system to detect: 1. Attacks and indicators of potential attacks in accordance with [Assignment: organization- defined monitoring objectives]; and 2. Unauthorized local, network, and remote connections; b. Identifies unauthorized use of the information system through [Assignment: organization- defined techniques and methods]; c. Deploys monitoring devices: (i) strategically within the information system to collect organization-determined essential information; and (ii) at ad hoc locations within the system to track specific types of transactions of interest to the organization; d. Protects information obtained from intrusion-monitoring tools from unauthorized access, modification, and deletion; e. Heightens the level of information system monitoring activity whenever there is an indication of increased risk to organizational operations and assets, individuals, other organizations, or the Nation based on law enforcement information, intelligence information, or other credible sources of information; f. Obtains legal opinion with regard to information system monitoring activities in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, or regulations; and g. Provides [Assignment: or ganization-defined information system monitoring information] to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] [Selection (one or more): as needed; [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]]. Supplemental Guidance: Information system monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. External monitoring includes the observation of events occurring at the information system boundary (i.e., part of perimeter defense and boundary protection). Internal monitoring includes the observation of events occurring within the information system. Organizations can monitor information systems, for example, by observing audit activities in real time or by observing other system aspects such as access patterns, characteristics of access, and other actions. The monitoring objectives may guide determination of the events. Information system monitoring capability is achieved through a variety of tools and techniques (e.g., intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, malicious code protection software, scanning tools, audit record monitoring software, network monitoring software). Strategic locations for monitoring devices include, for example, selected perimeter locations and near server farms supporting critical applications, with such devices typically being employed at the managed interfaces associated with controls SC-7 and AC-17. Einstein network monitoring devices from the Department of Homeland Security can also be included as monitoring devices. The granularity of monitoring information collected is based on organizational monitoring objectives and the capability of information systems to support such objectives. Specific types of transactions of interest include, for example, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) traffic that bypasses HTTP proxies. Information system monitoring is an integral part of organizational continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Output from system monitoring serves as input to continuous monitoring and incident response programs. A network connection is any connection with a device that communicates through a network (e.g., local area network, Internet). A remote connection is any connection with a device communicating through an external network (e.g., the Internet). Local, network, and remote connections can be either wired or wireless. Related controls: AC-3, AC-4, AC-8, AC-17, AU-2, AU-6, AU-7, AU-9, AU-12, CA-7, IR-4, PE-3, RA-5, SC-7, SC-26, SC-35, SI-3, SI-7. References: NIST Special Publications 800-61, 800-83, 800-92, 800-94, 800-137. link 26
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-2(12) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-2(12) FedRAMP Moderate AC-2 (12) Access Control Account Monitoring / Atypical Usage Shared n/a The organization: (a) Monitors information system accounts for [Assignment: organization-defined atypical use]; and (b) Reports atypical usage of information system accounts to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. Supplemental Guidance: Atypical usage includes, for example, accessing information systems at certain times of the day and from locations that are not consistent with the normal usage patterns of individuals working in organizations. Related control: CA-7. link 14
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AU-12 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AU-12 FedRAMP Moderate AU-12 Audit And Accountability Audit Generation Shared n/a The information system: a. Provides audit record generation capability for the auditable events defined in AU-2 a. at [Assignment: organization-defined information system components]; b. Allows [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select which auditable events are to be audited by specific components of the information system; and c. Generates audit records for the events defined in AU-2 d. with the content defined in AU-3. Supplemental Guidance: Audit records can be generated from many different information system components. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. These events are typically a subset of all events for which the information system is capable of generating audit records. Related controls: AC-3, AU-2, AU-3, AU-6, AU-7. References: None. link 39
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AU-6 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AU-6 FedRAMP Moderate AU-6 Audit And Accountability Audit Review, Analysis, And Reporting Shared n/a The organization: a. Reviews and analyzes information system audit records [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] for indications of [Assignment: organization-defined inappropriate or unusual activity]; and b. Reports findings to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. Supplemental Guidance: Audit review, analysis, and reporting covers information security-related auditing performed by organizations including, for example, auditing that results from monitoring of account usage, remote access, wireless connectivity, mobile device connection, configuration settings, system component inventory, use of maintenance tools and nonlocal maintenance, physical access, temperature and humidity, equipment delivery and removal, communications at the information system boundaries, use of mobile code, and use of VoIP. Findings can be reported to organizational entities that include, for example, incident response team, help desk, information security group/department. If organizations are prohibited from reviewing and analyzing audit information or unable to conduct such activities (e.g., in certain national security applications or systems), the review/analysis may be carried out by other organizations granted such authority. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, AC-17, AT-3, AU-7, AU-16, CA-7, CM-5, CM-10, CM-11, IA-3, IA-5, IR-5, IR-6, MA-4, MP-4, PE-3, PE-6, PE-14, PE-16, RA-5, SC-7, SC-18, SC-19, SI-3, SI-4, SI-7. References: None. link 26
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 SI-4 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_SI-4 FedRAMP Moderate SI-4 System And Information Integrity Information System Monitoring Shared n/a The organization: a. Monitors the information system to detect: 1. Attacks and indicators of potential attacks in accordance with [Assignment: organization- defined monitoring objectives]; and 2. Unauthorized local, network, and remote connections; b. Identifies unauthorized use of the information system through [Assignment: organization- defined techniques and methods]; c. Deploys monitoring devices: (i) strategically within the information system to collect organization-determined essential information; and (ii) at ad hoc locations within the system to track specific types of transactions of interest to the organization; d. Protects information obtained from intrusion-monitoring tools from unauthorized access, modification, and deletion; e. Heightens the level of information system monitoring activity whenever there is an indication of increased risk to organizational operations and assets, individuals, other organizations, or the Nation based on law enforcement information, intelligence information, or other credible sources of information; f. Obtains legal opinion with regard to information system monitoring activities in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, or regulations; and g. Provides [Assignment: or ganization-defined information system monitoring information] to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] [Selection (one or more): as needed; [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]]. Supplemental Guidance: Information system monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. External monitoring includes the observation of events occurring at the information system boundary (i.e., part of perimeter defense and boundary protection). Internal monitoring includes the observation of events occurring within the information system. Organizations can monitor information systems, for example, by observing audit activities in real time or by observing other system aspects such as access patterns, characteristics of access, and other actions. The monitoring objectives may guide determination of the events. Information system monitoring capability is achieved through a variety of tools and techniques (e.g., intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, malicious code protection software, scanning tools, audit record monitoring software, network monitoring software). Strategic locations for monitoring devices include, for example, selected perimeter locations and near server farms supporting critical applications, with such devices typically being employed at the managed interfaces associated with controls SC-7 and AC-17. Einstein network monitoring devices from the Department of Homeland Security can also be included as monitoring devices. The granularity of monitoring information collected is based on organizational monitoring objectives and the capability of information systems to support such objectives. Specific types of transactions of interest include, for example, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) traffic that bypasses HTTP proxies. Information system monitoring is an integral part of organizational continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Output from system monitoring serves as input to continuous monitoring and incident response programs. A network connection is any connection with a device that communicates through a network (e.g., local area network, Internet). A remote connection is any connection with a device communicating through an external network (e.g., the Internet). Local, network, and remote connections can be either wired or wireless. Related controls: AC-3, AC-4, AC-8, AC-17, AU-2, AU-6, AU-7, AU-9, AU-12, CA-7, IR-4, PE-3, RA-5, SC-7, SC-26, SC-35, SI-3, SI-7. References: NIST Special Publications 800-61, 800-83, 800-92, 800-94, 800-137. link 26
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .14.6 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.14.6 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.14.6 System and Information Integrity Monitor organizational systems, including inbound and outbound communications traffic, to detect attacks and indicators of potential attacks. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. System monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. External monitoring includes the observation of events occurring at the system boundary (i.e., part of perimeter defense and boundary protection). Internal monitoring includes the observation of events occurring within the system. Organizations can monitor systems, for example, by observing audit record activities in real time or by observing other system aspects such as access patterns, characteristics of access, and other actions. The monitoring objectives may guide determination of the events. System monitoring capability is achieved through a variety of tools and techniques (e.g., intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, malicious code protection software, scanning tools, audit record monitoring software, network monitoring software). Strategic locations for monitoring devices include selected perimeter locations and near server farms supporting critical applications, with such devices being employed at managed system interfaces. The granularity of monitoring information collected is based on organizational monitoring objectives and the capability of systems to support such objectives. System monitoring is an integral part of continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Output from system monitoring serves as input to continuous monitoring and incident response programs. A network connection is any connection with a device that communicates through a network (e.g., local area network, Internet). A remote connection is any connection with a device communicating through an external network (e.g., the Internet). Local, network, and remote connections can be either wired or wireless. Unusual or unauthorized activities or conditions related to inbound/outbound communications traffic include internal traffic that indicates the presence of malicious code in systems or propagating among system components, the unauthorized exporting of information, or signaling to external systems. Evidence of malicious code is used to identify potentially compromised systems or system components. System monitoring requirements, including the need for specific types of system monitoring, may be referenced in other requirements. [SP 800-94] provides guidance on intrusion detection and prevention systems. link 31
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .14.7 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.14.7 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.14.7 System and Information Integrity Identify unauthorized use of organizational systems. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. System monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. System monitoring can detect unauthorized use of organizational systems. System monitoring is an integral part of continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Monitoring is achieved through a variety of tools and techniques (e.g., intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, malicious code protection software, scanning tools, audit record monitoring software, network monitoring software). Output from system monitoring serves as input to continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Unusual/unauthorized activities or conditions related to inbound and outbound communications traffic include internal traffic that indicates the presence of malicious code in systems or propagating among system components, the unauthorized exporting of information, or signaling to external systems. Evidence of malicious code is used to identify potentially compromised systems or system components. System monitoring requirements, including the need for specific types of system monitoring, may be referenced in other requirements. [SP 800-94] provides guidance on intrusion detection and prevention systems. link 24
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .3.1 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.3.1 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.3.1 Audit and Accountability Create and retain system audit logs and records to the extent needed to enable the monitoring, analysis, investigation, and reporting of unlawful or unauthorized system activity Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. An event is any observable occurrence in a system, which includes unlawful or unauthorized system activity. Organizations identify event types for which a logging functionality is needed as those events which are significant and relevant to the security of systems and the environments in which those systems operate to meet specific and ongoing auditing needs. Event types can include password changes, failed logons or failed accesses related to systems, administrative privilege usage, or third-party credential usage. In determining event types that require logging, organizations consider the monitoring and auditing appropriate for each of the CUI security requirements. Monitoring and auditing requirements can be balanced with other system needs. For example, organizations may determine that systems must have the capability to log every file access both successful and unsuccessful, but not activate that capability except for specific circumstances due to the potential burden on system performance. Audit records can be generated at various levels of abstraction, including at the packet level as information traverses the network. Selecting the appropriate level of abstraction is a critical aspect of an audit logging capability and can facilitate the identification of root causes to problems. Organizations consider in the definition of event types, the logging necessary to cover related events such as the steps in distributed, transaction-based processes (e.g., processes that are distributed across multiple organizations) and actions that occur in service-oriented or cloud-based architectures. Audit record content that may be necessary to satisfy this requirement includes time stamps, source and destination addresses, user or process identifiers, event descriptions, success or fail indications, filenames involved, and access control or flow control rules invoked. Event outcomes can include indicators of event success or failure and event-specific results (e.g., the security state of the system after the event occurred). Detailed information that organizations may consider in audit records includes full text recording of privileged commands or the individual identities of group account users. Organizations consider limiting the additional audit log information to only that information explicitly needed for specific audit requirements. This facilitates the use of audit trails and audit logs by not including information that could potentially be misleading or could make it more difficult to locate information of interest. Audit logs are reviewed and analyzed as often as needed to provide important information to organizations to facilitate risk-based decision making. [SP 800-92] provides guidance on security log management. link 55
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .3.2 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.3.2 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.3.2 Audit and Accountability Ensure that the actions of individual system users can be uniquely traced to those users, so they can be held accountable for their actions. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. This requirement ensures that the contents of the audit record include the information needed to link the audit event to the actions of an individual to the extent feasible. Organizations consider logging for traceability including results from monitoring of account usage, remote access, wireless connectivity, mobile device connection, communications at system boundaries, configuration settings, physical access, nonlocal maintenance, use of maintenance tools, temperature and humidity, equipment delivery and removal, system component inventory, use of mobile code, and use of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). link 41
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-2(12) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-2(12) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-2 (12) Access Control Account Monitoring / Atypical Usage Shared n/a The organization: (a) Monitors information system accounts for [Assignment: organization-defined atypical use]; and (b) Reports atypical usage of information system accounts to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. Supplemental Guidance: Atypical usage includes, for example, accessing information systems at certain times of the day and from locations that are not consistent with the normal usage patterns of individuals working in organizations. Related control: CA-7. link 14
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AU-12 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AU-12 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AU-12 Audit And Accountability Audit Generation Shared n/a The information system: a. Provides audit record generation capability for the auditable events defined in AU-2 a. at [Assignment: organization-defined information system components]; b. Allows [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select which auditable events are to be audited by specific components of the information system; and c. Generates audit records for the events defined in AU-2 d. with the content defined in AU-3. Supplemental Guidance: Audit records can be generated from many different information system components. The list of audited events is the set of events for which audits are to be generated. These events are typically a subset of all events for which the information system is capable of generating audit records. Related controls: AC-3, AU-2, AU-3, AU-6, AU-7. References: None. link 39
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AU-12(1) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AU-12(1) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AU-12 (1) Audit And Accountability System-Wide / Time-Correlated Audit Trail Shared n/a The information system compiles audit records from [Assignment: organization-defined information system components] into a system-wide (logical or physical) audit trail that is time- correlated to within [Assignment: organization-defined level of tolerance for relationship between time stamps of individual records in the audit trail]. Supplemental Guidance: Audit trails are time-correlated if the time stamps in the individual audit records can be reliably related to the time stamps in other audit records to achieve a time ordering of the records within organizational tolerances. Related controls: AU-8, AU-12. link 36
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AU-6 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AU-6 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AU-6 Audit And Accountability Audit Review, Analysis, And Reporting Shared n/a The organization: a. Reviews and analyzes information system audit records [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] for indications of [Assignment: organization-defined inappropriate or unusual activity]; and b. Reports findings to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. Supplemental Guidance: Audit review, analysis, and reporting covers information security-related auditing performed by organizations including, for example, auditing that results from monitoring of account usage, remote access, wireless connectivity, mobile device connection, configuration settings, system component inventory, use of maintenance tools and nonlocal maintenance, physical access, temperature and humidity, equipment delivery and removal, communications at the information system boundaries, use of mobile code, and use of VoIP. Findings can be reported to organizational entities that include, for example, incident response team, help desk, information security group/department. If organizations are prohibited from reviewing and analyzing audit information or unable to conduct such activities (e.g., in certain national security applications or systems), the review/analysis may be carried out by other organizations granted such authority. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, AC-17, AT-3, AU-7, AU-16, CA-7, CM-5, CM-10, CM-11, IA-3, IA-5, IR-5, IR-6, MA-4, MP-4, PE-3, PE-6, PE-14, PE-16, RA-5, SC-7, SC-18, SC-19, SI-3, SI-4, SI-7. References: None. link 26
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AU-6(4) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AU-6(4) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AU-6 (4) Audit And Accountability Central Review And Analysis Shared n/a The information system provides the capability to centrally review and analyze audit records from multiple components within the system. Supplemental Guidance: Automated mechanisms for centralized reviews and analyses include, for example, Security Information Management products. Related controls: AU-2, AU-12. link 35
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AU-6(5) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AU-6(5) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AU-6 (5) Audit And Accountability Integration / Scanning And Monitoring Capabilities Shared n/a The organization integrates analysis of audit records with analysis of [Selection (one or more): vulnerability scanning information; performance data; information system monitoring information; [Assignment: organization-defined data/information collected from other sources]] to further enhance the ability to identify inappropriate or unusual activity. Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement does not require vulnerability scanning, the generation of performance data, or information system monitoring. Rather, the enhancement requires that the analysis of information being otherwise produced in these areas is integrated with the analysis of audit information. Security Event and Information Management System tools can facilitate audit record aggregation/consolidation from multiple information system components as well as audit record correlation and analysis. The use of standardized audit record analysis scripts developed by organizations (with localized script adjustments, as necessary) provides more cost-effective approaches for analyzing audit record information collected. The correlation of audit record information with vulnerability scanning information is important in determining the veracity of vulnerability scans and correlating attack detection events with scanning results. Correlation with performance data can help uncover denial of service attacks or cyber attacks resulting in unauthorized use of resources. Correlation with system monitoring information can assist in uncovering attacks and in better relating audit information to operational situations. Related controls: AU-12, IR-4, RA-5. link 36
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 SI-4 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_SI-4 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 SI-4 System And Information Integrity Information System Monitoring Shared n/a The organization: a. Monitors the information system to detect: 1. Attacks and indicators of potential attacks in accordance with [Assignment: organization- defined monitoring objectives]; and 2. Unauthorized local, network, and remote connections; b. Identifies unauthorized use of the information system through [Assignment: organization- defined techniques and methods]; c. Deploys monitoring devices: (i) strategically within the information system to collect organization-determined essential information; and (ii) at ad hoc locations within the system to track specific types of transactions of interest to the organization; d. Protects information obtained from intrusion-monitoring tools from unauthorized access, modification, and deletion; e. Heightens the level of information system monitoring activity whenever there is an indication of increased risk to organizational operations and assets, individuals, other organizations, or the Nation based on law enforcement information, intelligence information, or other credible sources of information; f. Obtains legal opinion with regard to information system monitoring activities in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, or regulations; and g. Provides [Assignment: or ganization-defined information system monitoring information] to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] [Selection (one or more): as needed; [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]]. Supplemental Guidance: Information system monitoring includes external and internal monitoring. External monitoring includes the observation of events occurring at the information system boundary (i.e., part of perimeter defense and boundary protection). Internal monitoring includes the observation of events occurring within the information system. Organizations can monitor information systems, for example, by observing audit activities in real time or by observing other system aspects such as access patterns, characteristics of access, and other actions. The monitoring objectives may guide determination of the events. Information system monitoring capability is achieved through a variety of tools and techniques (e.g., intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, malicious code protection software, scanning tools, audit record monitoring software, network monitoring software). Strategic locations for monitoring devices include, for example, selected perimeter locations and near server farms supporting critical applications, with such devices typically being employed at the managed interfaces associated with controls SC-7 and AC-17. Einstein network monitoring devices from the Department of Homeland Security can also be included as monitoring devices. The granularity of monitoring information collected is based on organizational monitoring objectives and the capability of information systems to support such objectives. Specific types of transactions of interest include, for example, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) traffic that bypasses HTTP proxies. Information system monitoring is an integral part of organizational continuous monitoring and incident response programs. Output from system monitoring serves as input to continuous monitoring and incident response programs. A network connection is any connection with a device that communicates through a network (e.g., local area network, Internet). A remote connection is any connection with a device communicating through an external network (e.g., the Internet). Local, network, and remote connections can be either wired or wireless. Related controls: AC-3, AC-4, AC-8, AC-17, AU-2, AU-6, AU-7, AU-9, AU-12, CA-7, IR-4, PE-3, RA-5, SC-7, SC-26, SC-35, SI-3, SI-7. References: NIST Special Publications 800-61, 800-83, 800-92, 800-94, 800-137. link 26
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-2(12) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-2(12) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-2 (12) Access Control Account Monitoring for Atypical Usage Shared n/a (a) Monitor system accounts for [Assignment: organization-defined atypical usage]; and (b) Report atypical usage of system accounts to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]. link 14
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AU-12 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AU-12 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AU-12 Audit and Accountability Audit Record Generation Shared n/a a. Provide audit record generation capability for the event types the system is capable of auditing as defined in [AU-2a](#au-2_smt.a) on [Assignment: organization-defined system components]; b. Allow [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] to select the event types that are to be logged by specific components of the system; and c. Generate audit records for the event types defined in [AU-2c](#au-2_smt.c) that include the audit record content defined in [AU-3](#au-3). link 39
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AU-12(1) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AU-12(1) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AU-12 (1) Audit and Accountability System-wide and Time-correlated Audit Trail Shared n/a Compile audit records from [Assignment: organization-defined system components] into a system-wide (logical or physical) audit trail that is time-correlated to within [Assignment: organization-defined level of tolerance for the relationship between time stamps of individual records in the audit trail]. link 36
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AU-6 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AU-6 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AU-6 Audit and Accountability Audit Record Review, Analysis, and Reporting Shared n/a a. Review and analyze system audit records [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] for indications of [Assignment: organization-defined inappropriate or unusual activity] and the potential impact of the inappropriate or unusual activity; b. Report findings to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles]; and c. Adjust the level of audit record review, analysis, and reporting within the system when there is a change in risk based on law enforcement information, intelligence information, or other credible sources of information. link 26
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AU-6(4) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AU-6(4) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AU-6 (4) Audit and Accountability Central Review and Analysis Shared n/a Provide and implement the capability to centrally review and analyze audit records from multiple components within the system. link 35
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AU-6(5) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AU-6(5) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AU-6 (5) Audit and Accountability Integrated Analysis of Audit Records Shared n/a Integrate analysis of audit records with analysis of [Selection (OneOrMore): vulnerability scanning information;performance data;system monitoring information; [Assignment: organization-defined data/information collected from other sources] ] to further enhance the ability to identify inappropriate or unusual activity. link 36
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 SI-4 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_SI-4 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 SI-4 System and Information Integrity System Monitoring Shared n/a a. Monitor the system to detect: 1. Attacks and indicators of potential attacks in accordance with the following monitoring objectives: [Assignment: organization-defined monitoring objectives]; and 2. Unauthorized local, network, and remote connections; b. Identify unauthorized use of the system through the following techniques and methods: [Assignment: organization-defined techniques and methods]; c. Invoke internal monitoring capabilities or deploy monitoring devices: 1. Strategically within the system to collect organization-determined essential information; and 2. At ad hoc locations within the system to track specific types of transactions of interest to the organization; d. Analyze detected events and anomalies; e. Adjust the level of system monitoring activity when there is a change in risk to organizational operations and assets, individuals, other organizations, or the Nation; f. Obtain legal opinion regarding system monitoring activities; and g. Provide [Assignment: organization-defined system monitoring information] to [Assignment: organization-defined personnel or roles] [Selection (OneOrMore): as needed; [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] ] . link 26
RBI_CSF_Banks_v2016 13.2 RBI_CSF_Banks_v2016_13.2 Advanced Real-Timethreat Defenceand Management Advanced Real-Timethreat Defenceand Management-13.2 n/a Implement Anti-malware, Antivirus protection including behavioural detection systems for all categories of devices ???(Endpoints such as PCs/laptops/ mobile devices etc.), servers (operating systems, databases, applications, etc.), Web/Internet gateways, email-gateways, Wireless networks, SMS servers etc. including tools and processes for centralised management and monitoring. 22
SOC_2 CC7.2 SOC_2_CC7.2 SOC 2 Type 2 CC7.2 System Operations Monitor system components for anomalous behavior Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. • Implements Detection Policies, Procedures, and Tools — Detection policies and procedures are defined and implemented and detection tools are implemented on infrastructure and software to identify anomalies in the operation or unusual activity on systems. Procedures may include (1) a defined governance process for security event detection and management that includes provision of resources; (2) use of intelligence sources to identify newly discovered threats and vulnerabilities; and (3) logging of unusual system activities. • Designs Detection Measures — Detection measures are designed to identify anomalies that could result from actual or attempted (1) compromise of physical barriers; (2) unauthorized actions of authorized personnel; (3) use of compromised identification and authentication credentials; (4) unauthorized access from outside the system boundaries; (5) compromise of authorized external parties; and (6) implementation or connection of unauthorized hardware and software. • Implements Filters to Analyze Anomalies — Management has implemented procedures to filter, summarize, and analyze anomalies to identify security events. • Monitors Detection Tools for Effective Operation — Management has implemented processes to monitor the effectiveness of detection tools 20
History
Date/Time (UTC ymd) (i) Change type Change detail
2022-07-08 16:32:07 change Major, suffix remains equal (5.0.3-preview > 6.0.0-preview)
2022-07-01 16:32:34 change Patch, new suffix: preview (5.0.2 > 5.0.3-preview)
2022-06-24 19:15:47 change Patch, old suffix: preview (5.0.1-preview > 5.0.2)
2022-04-29 18:06:01 change Patch, suffix remains equal (5.0.0-preview > 5.0.1-preview)
2022-04-22 19:50:54 change Major, suffix remains equal (4.0.0-preview > 5.0.0-preview)
2021-11-12 16:23:07 change Major, suffix remains equal (3.0.0-preview > 4.0.0-preview)
2021-08-30 14:27:30 change Major, suffix remains equal (2.0.0-preview > 3.0.0-preview)
2021-05-26 13:43:16 change Major, suffix remains equal (1.0.0-preview > 2.0.0-preview)
2021-03-24 14:32:48 add 8dfab9c4-fe7b-49ad-85e4-1e9be085358f
Initiatives
usage
Initiative DisplayName Initiative Id Initiative Category State Type
[Preview]: CMMC 2.0 Level 2 4e50fd13-098b-3206-61d6-d1d78205cb45 Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
[Preview]: Reserve Bank of India - IT Framework for Banks d0d5578d-cc08-2b22-31e3-f525374f235a Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
Azure Security Benchmark 1f3afdf9-d0c9-4c3d-847f-89da613e70a8 Security Center GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP High d5264498-16f4-418a-b659-fa7ef418175f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP Moderate e95f5a9f-57ad-4d03-bb0b-b1d16db93693 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-171 Rev. 2 03055927-78bd-4236-86c0-f36125a10dc9 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 cf25b9c1-bd23-4eb6-bd2c-f4f3ac644a5f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 179d1daa-458f-4e47-8086-2a68d0d6c38f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SOC 2 Type 2 4054785f-702b-4a98-9215-009cbd58b141 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
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