last sync: 2024-May-24 18:03:04 UTC

Define a physical key management process | Regulatory Compliance - Documentation

Azure BuiltIn Policy definition

Source Azure Portal
Display name Define a physical key management process
Id 51e4b233-8ee3-8bdc-8f5f-f33bd0d229b7
Version 1.1.0
Details on versioning
Category Regulatory Compliance
Microsoft Learn
Description CMA_0115 - Define a physical key management process
Additional metadata Name/Id: CMA_0115 / CMA_0115
Category: Documentation
Title: Define a physical key management process
Ownership: Customer
Description: Microsoft recommends that your organization define a physical key management process. This will help to prevent against unauthorized access to secure areas. It is recommended to distribute physical keys or combinations to authorized individuals only and that the keys are retrieved upon termination or transfer. Your organization should consider keeping an inventory of physical keys, including details of master key and duplicate keys issued. A key administrator may be appointed to facilitate a check-in/check-out process to track and monitor the distribution of master keys and keys to restricted areas. It is recommended to implement electronic access control and to manage this access for employees and authorized third party employees. It is also recommended to rekey the entire facility when master or sub-master keys are lost or missing. The Motion Pictures Association (MPA) Content Best Practices Common Guideline recommends using keys that can only be copied by a specific locksmith for exterior entry and exit points. The guideline also recommends that your organization consider requiring two company personnel with separate access cards, keys, or pins to unlock highly sensitive areas after-hours.
Requirements: The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation.
Mode All
Type BuiltIn
Preview False
Deprecated False
Effect Default
Manual
Allowed
Manual, Disabled
RBAC role(s) none
Rule aliases none
Rule resource types IF (1)
Microsoft.Resources/subscriptions
Compliance
The following 71 compliance controls are associated with this Policy definition 'Define a physical key management process' (51e4b233-8ee3-8bdc-8f5f-f33bd0d229b7)
Control Domain Control Name MetadataId Category Title Owner Requirements Description Info Policy#
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 3.2 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_3.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.2 3 Storage Accounts Ensure that storage account access keys are periodically regenerated Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Regenerate storage account access keys periodically. link 7
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 8.1 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_8.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.1 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the expiration date is set on all keys Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all keys in Azure Key Vault have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 8.2 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_8.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.2 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the expiration date is set on all Secrets Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all Secrets in the Azure Key Vault have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 3.2 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_3.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.2 3 Storage Accounts Ensure that storage account access keys are periodically regenerated Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Regenerate storage account access keys periodically. link 7
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 8.1 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_8.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.1 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the expiration date is set on all keys Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all keys in Azure Key Vault have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 8.2 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_8.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.2 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the expiration date is set on all Secrets Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all Secrets in the Azure Key Vault have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 9.11 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_9.11 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 9.11 9 AppService Ensure Azure Keyvaults are used to store secrets Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Encryption keys ,Certificate thumbprints and Managed Identity Credentials can be coded into the APP service, this renders them visible as part of the configuration, to maintain security of these keys it is better to store in an Azure Keyvault and reference them from the Keyvault. link 9
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 3.2 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_3.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.2 3 Storage Accounts Ensure That Storage Account Access Keys are Periodically Regenerated Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Regenerate storage account access keys periodically. link 7
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 8.1 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_8.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.1 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Keys in RBAC Key Vaults Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all Keys in Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 8.2 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_8.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.2 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Keys in Non-RBAC Key Vaults. Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all Keys in Non Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 8.3 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_8.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.3 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Secrets in RBAC Key Vaults Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all Secrets in Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 8.4 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_8.4 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.4 8 Other Security Considerations Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Secrets in Non-RBAC Key Vaults Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Ensure that all Secrets in Non Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration time set. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 9.11 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_9.11 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 9.11 9 AppService Ensure Azure Keyvaults are Used to Store Secrets Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Encryption keys ,Certificate thumbprints and Managed Identity Credentials can be coded into the APP service, this renders them visible as part of the configuration, to maintain security of these keys it is better to store in an Azure Keyvault and reference them from the Keyvault. link 9
CIS_Azure_2.0.0 3.4 CIS_Azure_2.0.0_3.4 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 3.4 3 Ensure that Storage Account Access Keys are Periodically Regenerated Shared Regenerating access keys can affect services in Azure as well as the organization's applications that are dependent on the storage account. All clients who use the access key to access the storage account must be updated to use the new key. For increased security, regenerate storage account access keys periodically. When a storage account is created, Azure generates two 512-bit storage access keys which are used for authentication when the storage account is accessed. Rotating these keys periodically ensures that any inadvertent access or exposure does not result from the compromise of these keys. Cryptographic key rotation periods will vary depending on your organization's security requirements and the type of data which is being stored in the Storage Account. For example, PCI DSS mandates that cryptographic keys be replaced or rotated 'regularly,' and advises that keys for static data stores be rotated every 'few months.' For the purposes of this recommendation, 90 days will prescribed for the reminder. Review and adjustment of the 90 day period is recommended, and may even be necessary. Your organization's security requirements should dictate the appropriate setting. link 7
CIS_Azure_2.0.0 8.1 CIS_Azure_2.0.0_8.1 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.1 8 Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Keys in RBAC Key Vaults Shared Keys cannot be used beyond their assigned expiration dates respectively. Keys need to be rotated periodically wherever they are used. Ensure that all Keys in Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration date set. Azure Key Vault enables users to store and use cryptographic keys within the Microsoft Azure environment. The `exp` (expiration date) attribute identifies the expiration date on or after which the key MUST NOT be used for encryption of new data, wrapping of new keys, and signing. By default, keys never expire. It is thus recommended that keys be rotated in the key vault and set an explicit expiration date for all keys to help enforce the key rotation. This ensures that the keys cannot be used beyond their assigned lifetimes. link 8
CIS_Azure_2.0.0 8.2 CIS_Azure_2.0.0_8.2 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.2 8 Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Keys in Non-RBAC Key Vaults. Shared Keys cannot be used beyond their assigned expiration dates respectively. Keys need to be rotated periodically wherever they are used. Ensure that all Keys in Non Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration date set. Azure Key Vault enables users to store and use cryptographic keys within the Microsoft Azure environment. The `exp` (expiration date) attribute identifies the expiration date on or after which the key MUST NOT be used for a cryptographic operation. By default, keys never expire. It is thus recommended that keys be rotated in the key vault and set an explicit expiration date for all keys. This ensures that the keys cannot be used beyond their assigned lifetimes. link 8
CIS_Azure_2.0.0 8.3 CIS_Azure_2.0.0_8.3 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.3 8 Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Secrets in RBAC Key Vaults Shared Secrets cannot be used beyond their assigned expiry date respectively. Secrets need to be rotated periodically wherever they are used. Ensure that all Secrets in Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration date set. The Azure Key Vault enables users to store and keep secrets within the Microsoft Azure environment. Secrets in the Azure Key Vault are octet sequences with a maximum size of 25k bytes each. The `exp` (expiration date) attribute identifies the expiration date on or after which the secret MUST NOT be used. By default, secrets never expire. It is thus recommended to rotate secrets in the key vault and set an explicit expiration date for all secrets. This ensures that the secrets cannot be used beyond their assigned lifetimes. link 8
CIS_Azure_2.0.0 8.4 CIS_Azure_2.0.0_8.4 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 8.4 8 Ensure that the Expiration Date is set for all Secrets in Non-RBAC Key Vaults Shared Secrets cannot be used beyond their assigned expiry date respectively. Secrets need to be rotated periodically wherever they are used. Ensure that all Secrets in Non Role Based Access Control (RBAC) Azure Key Vaults have an expiration date set. The Azure Key Vault enables users to store and keep secrets within the Microsoft Azure environment. Secrets in the Azure Key Vault are octet sequences with a maximum size of 25k bytes each. The `exp` (expiration date) attribute identifies the expiration date on or after which the secret MUST NOT be used. By default, secrets never expire. It is thus recommended to rotate secrets in the key vault and set an explicit expiration date for all secrets. This ensures that the secrets cannot be used beyond their assigned lifetimes. link 8
CIS_Azure_2.0.0 9.11 CIS_Azure_2.0.0_9.11 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 9.11 9 Ensure Azure Key Vaults are Used to Store Secrets Shared Integrating references to secrets within the key vault are required to be specifically integrated within the application code. This will require additional configuration to be made during the writing of an application, or refactoring of an already written one. There are also additional costs that are charged per 10000 requests to the Key Vault. Azure Key Vault will store multiple types of sensitive information such as encryption keys, certificate thumbprints, and Managed Identity Credentials. Access to these 'Secrets' can be controlled through granular permissions. The credentials given to an application have permissions to create, delete, or modify data stored within the systems they access. If these credentials are stored within the application itself, anyone with access to the application or a copy of the code has access to them. Storing within Azure Key Vault as secrets increases security by controlling access. This also allows for updates of the credentials without redeploying the entire application. link 9
FedRAMP_High_R4 PE-3 FedRAMP_High_R4_PE-3 FedRAMP High PE-3 Physical And Environmental Protection Physical Access Control Shared n/a The organization: a. Enforces physical access authorizations at [Assignment: organization-defined entry/exit points to the facility where the information system resides] by; 1. Verifying individual access authorizations before granting access to the facility; and 2. Controlling ingress/egress to the facility using [Selection (one or more): [Assignment: organization-defined physical access control systems/devices]; guards]; b. Maintains physical access audit logs for [Assignment: organization-defined entry/exit points]; c. Provides [Assignment: organization-defined security safeguards] to control access to areas within the facility officially designated as publicly accessible; d. Escorts visitors and monitors visitor activity [Assignment: organization-defined circumstances requiring visitor escorts and monitoring]; e. Secures keys, combinations, and other physical access devices; f. Inventories [Assignment: organization-defined physical access devices] every [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]; and g. Changes combinations and keys [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] and/or when keys are lost, combinations are compromised, or individuals are transferred or terminated. Supplemental Guidance: This control applies to organizational employees and visitors. Individuals (e.g., employees, contractors, and others) with permanent physical access authorization credentials are not considered visitors. Organizations determine the types of facility guards needed including, for example, professional physical security staff or other personnel such as administrative staff or information system users. Physical access devices include, for example, keys, locks, combinations, and card readers. Safeguards for publicly accessible areas within organizational facilities include, for example, cameras, monitoring by guards, and isolating selected information systems and/or system components in secured areas. Physical access control systems comply with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance. The Federal Identity, Credential, and Access Management Program provides implementation guidance for identity, credential, and access management capabilities for physical access control systems. Organizations have flexibility in the types of audit logs employed. Audit logs can be procedural (e.g., a written log of individuals accessing the facility and when such access occurred), automated (e.g., capturing ID provided by a PIV card), or some combination thereof. Physical access points can include facility access points, interior access points to information systems and/or components requiring supplemental access controls, or both. Components of organizational information systems (e.g., workstations, terminals) may be located in areas designated as publicly accessible with organizations safeguarding access to such devices. Related controls: AU-2, AU-6, MP-2, MP-4, PE-2, PE-4, PE-5, PS-3, RA-3. Supplemental Guidance: Related controls: CA-2, CA-7. link 4
FedRAMP_High_R4 SC-12 FedRAMP_High_R4_SC-12 FedRAMP High SC-12 System And Communications Protection Cryptographic Key Establishment And Management Shared n/a The organization establishes and manages cryptographic keys for required cryptography employed within the information system in accordance with [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for key generation, distribution, storage, access, and destruction]. Supplemental Guidance: Cryptographic key management and establishment can be performed using manual procedures or automated mechanisms with supporting manual procedures. Organizations define key management requirements in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, regulations, policies, standards, and guidance, specifying appropriate options, levels, and parameters. Organizations manage trust stores to ensure that only approved trust anchors are in such trust stores. This includes certificates with visibility external to organizational information systems and certificates related to the internal operations of systems. Related controls: SC-13, SC-17. References: NIST Special Publications 800-56, 800-57. link 40
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 PE-3 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_PE-3 FedRAMP Moderate PE-3 Physical And Environmental Protection Physical Access Control Shared n/a The organization: a. Enforces physical access authorizations at [Assignment: organization-defined entry/exit points to the facility where the information system resides] by; 1. Verifying individual access authorizations before granting access to the facility; and 2. Controlling ingress/egress to the facility using [Selection (one or more): [Assignment: organization-defined physical access control systems/devices]; guards]; b. Maintains physical access audit logs for [Assignment: organization-defined entry/exit points]; c. Provides [Assignment: organization-defined security safeguards] to control access to areas within the facility officially designated as publicly accessible; d. Escorts visitors and monitors visitor activity [Assignment: organization-defined circumstances requiring visitor escorts and monitoring]; e. Secures keys, combinations, and other physical access devices; f. Inventories [Assignment: organization-defined physical access devices] every [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]; and g. Changes combinations and keys [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] and/or when keys are lost, combinations are compromised, or individuals are transferred or terminated. Supplemental Guidance: This control applies to organizational employees and visitors. Individuals (e.g., employees, contractors, and others) with permanent physical access authorization credentials are not considered visitors. Organizations determine the types of facility guards needed including, for example, professional physical security staff or other personnel such as administrative staff or information system users. Physical access devices include, for example, keys, locks, combinations, and card readers. Safeguards for publicly accessible areas within organizational facilities include, for example, cameras, monitoring by guards, and isolating selected information systems and/or system components in secured areas. Physical access control systems comply with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance. The Federal Identity, Credential, and Access Management Program provides implementation guidance for identity, credential, and access management capabilities for physical access control systems. Organizations have flexibility in the types of audit logs employed. Audit logs can be procedural (e.g., a written log of individuals accessing the facility and when such access occurred), automated (e.g., capturing ID provided by a PIV card), or some combination thereof. Physical access points can include facility access points, interior access points to information systems and/or components requiring supplemental access controls, or both. Components of organizational information systems (e.g., workstations, terminals) may be located in areas designated as publicly accessible with organizations safeguarding access to such devices. Related controls: AU-2, AU-6, MP-2, MP-4, PE-2, PE-4, PE-5, PS-3, RA-3. Supplemental Guidance: Related controls: CA-2, CA-7. link 4
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 SC-12 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_SC-12 FedRAMP Moderate SC-12 System And Communications Protection Cryptographic Key Establishment And Management Shared n/a The organization establishes and manages cryptographic keys for required cryptography employed within the information system in accordance with [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for key generation, distribution, storage, access, and destruction]. Supplemental Guidance: Cryptographic key management and establishment can be performed using manual procedures or automated mechanisms with supporting manual procedures. Organizations define key management requirements in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, regulations, policies, standards, and guidance, specifying appropriate options, levels, and parameters. Organizations manage trust stores to ensure that only approved trust anchors are in such trust stores. This includes certificates with visibility external to organizational information systems and certificates related to the internal operations of systems. Related controls: SC-13, SC-17. References: NIST Special Publications 800-56, 800-57. link 40
hipaa 0314.09q3Organizational.2-09.q hipaa-0314.09q3Organizational.2-09.q 0314.09q3Organizational.2-09.q 03 Portable Media Security 0314.09q3Organizational.2-09.q 09.07 Media Handling Shared n/a The organization implements cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality and integrity of sensitive (non-public) information stored on digital media during transport outside of controlled areas. 9
hipaa 0904.10f2Organizational.1-10.f hipaa-0904.10f2Organizational.1-10.f 0904.10f2Organizational.1-10.f 09 Transmission Protection 0904.10f2Organizational.1-10.f 10.03 Cryptographic Controls Shared n/a Key management is implemented based on specific roles and responsibilities, and in consideration of national and international regulations, restrictions, and issues. 10
hipaa 1192.01l1Organizational.1-01.l hipaa-1192.01l1Organizational.1-01.l 1192.01l1Organizational.1-01.l 11 Access Control 1192.01l1Organizational.1-01.l 01.04 Network Access Control Shared n/a Access to network equipment is physically protected. 5
hipaa 1193.01l2Organizational.13-01.l hipaa-1193.01l2Organizational.13-01.l 1193.01l2Organizational.13-01.l 11 Access Control 1193.01l2Organizational.13-01.l 01.04 Network Access Control Shared n/a Controls for the access to diagnostic and configuration ports include the use of a key lock and the implementation of supporting procedures to control physical access to the port. 5
hipaa 1808.08b2Organizational.7-08.b hipaa-1808.08b2Organizational.7-08.b 1808.08b2Organizational.7-08.b 18 Physical & Environmental Security 1808.08b2Organizational.7-08.b 08.01 Secure Areas Shared n/a Physical access rights are reviewed every 90 days and updated accordingly. 7
hipaa 1811.08b3Organizational.3-08.b hipaa-1811.08b3Organizational.3-08.b 1811.08b3Organizational.3-08.b 18 Physical & Environmental Security 1811.08b3Organizational.3-08.b 08.01 Secure Areas Shared n/a Combinations and keys for organization-defined high-risk entry/exit points are changed when lost or stolen or combinations are compromised. 4
hipaa 1845.08b1Organizational.7-08.b hipaa-1845.08b1Organizational.7-08.b 1845.08b1Organizational.7-08.b 18 Physical & Environmental Security 1845.08b1Organizational.7-08.b 08.01 Secure Areas Shared n/a For facilities where the information system resides, the organization enforces physical access authorizations at defined entry/exit points to the facility where the information system resides, maintains physical access audit logs, and provides security safeguards that the organization determines necessary for areas officially designated as publicly accessible. 4
hipaa 1847.08b2Organizational.910-08.b hipaa-1847.08b2Organizational.910-08.b 1847.08b2Organizational.910-08.b 18 Physical & Environmental Security 1847.08b2Organizational.910-08.b 08.01 Secure Areas Shared n/a The organization ensures onsite personnel and visitor identification (e.g., badges) are revoked, updated when access requirements change, or terminated when expired or when access is no longer authorized, and all physical access mechanisms, such as keys, access cards and combinations, are returned, disabled or changed. 2
hipaa 1848.08b2Organizational.11-08.b hipaa-1848.08b2Organizational.11-08.b 1848.08b2Organizational.11-08.b 18 Physical & Environmental Security 1848.08b2Organizational.11-08.b 08.01 Secure Areas Shared n/a A restricted area, security room, or locked room is used to control access to areas containing covered information, and is controlled accordingly. 1
hipaa 1892.01l1Organizational.1 hipaa-1892.01l1Organizational.1 1892.01l1Organizational.1 18 Physical & Environmental Security 1892.01l1Organizational.1 01.04 Network Access Control Shared n/a Access to network equipment is physically protected. 2
ISO27001-2013 A.10.1.2 ISO27001-2013_A.10.1.2 ISO 27001:2013 A.10.1.2 Cryptography Key Management Shared n/a A policy on the use, protection and lifetime of cryptographic keys shall be developed and implemented through their whole lifecycle. link 15
ISO27001-2013 A.11.1.1 ISO27001-2013_A.11.1.1 ISO 27001:2013 A.11.1.1 Physical And Environmental Security Physical security perimeter Shared n/a Security perimeters shall be defined and used to protect areas that contain either sensitive or critical information and information processing facilities. link 8
ISO27001-2013 A.11.1.2 ISO27001-2013_A.11.1.2 ISO 27001:2013 A.11.1.2 Physical And Environmental Security Physical entry controls Shared n/a Secure areas shall be protected by appropriate entry controls to ensure that only authorized personnel are allowed access. link 9
ISO27001-2013 A.11.1.3 ISO27001-2013_A.11.1.3 ISO 27001:2013 A.11.1.3 Physical And Environmental Security Securing offices, rooms and facilities Shared n/a Physical security for offices, rooms and facilities shall be designed and applied. link 5
mp.eq.1 Clear desk mp.eq.1 Clear desk 404 not found n/a n/a 19
mp.if.1 Separate areas with access control mp.if.1 Separate areas with access control 404 not found n/a n/a 23
mp.if.2 Identification of persons mp.if.2 Identification of persons 404 not found n/a n/a 13
mp.if.3 Fitting-out of premises mp.if.3 Fitting-out of premises 404 not found n/a n/a 18
mp.if.5 Fire protection mp.if.5 Fire protection 404 not found n/a n/a 16
mp.if.6 Flood protection mp.if.6 Flood protection 404 not found n/a n/a 16
mp.if.7 Recording of entries and exits of equipment mp.if.7 Recording of entries and exits of equipment 404 not found n/a n/a 12
mp.si.4 Transport mp.si.4 Transport 404 not found n/a n/a 24
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .10.5 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.10.5 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.10.5 Physical Protection Control and manage physical access devices. Shared Microsoft is responsible for implementing this requirement. Physical access devices include keys, locks, combinations, and card readers. link 4
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .13.10 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.13.10 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.13.10 System and Communications Protection Establish and manage cryptographic keys for cryptography employed in organizational systems. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Cryptographic key management and establishment can be performed using manual procedures or mechanisms supported by manual procedures. Organizations define key management requirements in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, policies, directives, regulations, and standards specifying appropriate options, levels, and parameters. [SP 800-56A] and [SP 800-57-1] provide guidance on cryptographic key management and key establishment. link 40
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 PE-3 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_PE-3 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 PE-3 Physical And Environmental Protection Physical Access Control Shared n/a The organization: a. Enforces physical access authorizations at [Assignment: organization-defined entry/exit points to the facility where the information system resides] by; 1. Verifying individual access authorizations before granting access to the facility; and 2. Controlling ingress/egress to the facility using [Selection (one or more): [Assignment: organization-defined physical access control systems/devices]; guards]; b. Maintains physical access audit logs for [Assignment: organization-defined entry/exit points]; c. Provides [Assignment: organization-defined security safeguards] to control access to areas within the facility officially designated as publicly accessible; d. Escorts visitors and monitors visitor activity [Assignment: organization-defined circumstances requiring visitor escorts and monitoring]; e. Secures keys, combinations, and other physical access devices; f. Inventories [Assignment: organization-defined physical access devices] every [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]; and g. Changes combinations and keys [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] and/or when keys are lost, combinations are compromised, or individuals are transferred or terminated. Supplemental Guidance: This control applies to organizational employees and visitors. Individuals (e.g., employees, contractors, and others) with permanent physical access authorization credentials are not considered visitors. Organizations determine the types of facility guards needed including, for example, professional physical security staff or other personnel such as administrative staff or information system users. Physical access devices include, for example, keys, locks, combinations, and card readers. Safeguards for publicly accessible areas within organizational facilities include, for example, cameras, monitoring by guards, and isolating selected information systems and/or system components in secured areas. Physical access control systems comply with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance. The Federal Identity, Credential, and Access Management Program provides implementation guidance for identity, credential, and access management capabilities for physical access control systems. Organizations have flexibility in the types of audit logs employed. Audit logs can be procedural (e.g., a written log of individuals accessing the facility and when such access occurred), automated (e.g., capturing ID provided by a PIV card), or some combination thereof. Physical access points can include facility access points, interior access points to information systems and/or components requiring supplemental access controls, or both. Components of organizational information systems (e.g., workstations, terminals) may be located in areas designated as publicly accessible with organizations safeguarding access to such devices. Related controls: AU-2, AU-6, MP-2, MP-4, PE-2, PE-4, PE-5, PS-3, RA-3. Supplemental Guidance: Related controls: CA-2, CA-7. link 4
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 SC-12 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_SC-12 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 SC-12 System And Communications Protection Cryptographic Key Establishment And Management Shared n/a The organization establishes and manages cryptographic keys for required cryptography employed within the information system in accordance with [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for key generation, distribution, storage, access, and destruction]. Supplemental Guidance: Cryptographic key management and establishment can be performed using manual procedures or automated mechanisms with supporting manual procedures. Organizations define key management requirements in accordance with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, regulations, policies, standards, and guidance, specifying appropriate options, levels, and parameters. Organizations manage trust stores to ensure that only approved trust anchors are in such trust stores. This includes certificates with visibility external to organizational information systems and certificates related to the internal operations of systems. Related controls: SC-13, SC-17. References: NIST Special Publications 800-56, 800-57. link 40
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 PE-3 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_PE-3 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 PE-3 Physical and Environmental Protection Physical Access Control Shared n/a a. Enforce physical access authorizations at [Assignment: organization-defined entry and exit points to the facility where the system resides] by: 1. Verifying individual access authorizations before granting access to the facility; and 2. Controlling ingress and egress to the facility using [Selection (OneOrMore): [Assignment: organization-defined physical access control systems or devices] ;guards] ; b. Maintain physical access audit logs for [Assignment: organization-defined entry or exit points]; c. Control access to areas within the facility designated as publicly accessible by implementing the following controls: [Assignment: organization-defined physical access controls]; d. Escort visitors and control visitor activity [Assignment: organization-defined circumstances requiring visitor escorts and control of visitor activity]; e. Secure keys, combinations, and other physical access devices; f. Inventory [Assignment: organization-defined physical access devices] every [Assignment: organization-defined frequency]; and g. Change combinations and keys [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] and/or when keys are lost, combinations are compromised, or when individuals possessing the keys or combinations are transferred or terminated. link 4
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 SC-12 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_SC-12 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 SC-12 System and Communications Protection Cryptographic Key Establishment and Management Shared n/a Establish and manage cryptographic keys when cryptography is employed within the system in accordance with the following key management requirements: [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for key generation, distribution, storage, access, and destruction]. link 40
op.exp.10 Cryptographic key protection op.exp.10 Cryptographic key protection 404 not found n/a n/a 53
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.6.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.6.1 PCI DSS v4.0 3.6.1 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Cryptographic keys used to protect stored account data are secured Shared n/a Procedures are defined and implemented to protect cryptographic keys used to Protect Stored Account Data against disclosure and misuse that include: • Access to keys is restricted to the fewest number of custodians necessary. • Key-encrypting keys are at least as strong as the data-encrypting keys they protect. • Key-encrypting keys are stored separately from data-encrypting keys. • Keys are stored securely in the fewest possible locations and forms. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.6.1.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.6.1.1 PCI DSS v4.0 3.6.1.1 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Cryptographic keys used to protect stored account data are secured Shared n/a A documented description of the cryptographic architecture is maintained that includes: • Details of all algorithms, protocols, and keys used for the protection of stored account data, including key strength and expiry date. • Preventing the use of the same cryptographic keys in production and test environments. This bullet is a best practice until its effective date; refer to Applicability Notes below for details. • Description of the key usage for each key. • Inventory of any hardware security modules (HSMs), key management systems (KMS), and other secure cryptographic devices (SCDs) used for key management, including type and location of devices, as outlined in Requirement 12.3.4. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.6.1.2 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.6.1.2 PCI DSS v4.0 3.6.1.2 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Cryptographic keys used to protect stored account data are secured Shared n/a Secret and private keys used to encrypt/decrypt stored account data are stored in one (or more) of the following forms at all times: • Encrypted with a key-encrypting key that is at least as strong as the data-encrypting key, and that is stored separately from the dataencrypting key. • Within a secure cryptographic device (SCD), such as a hardware security module (HSM) or PTS-approved point-of-interaction device. • As at least two full-length key components or key shares, in accordance with an industry-accepted method. link 8
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.6.1.3 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.6.1.3 PCI DSS v4.0 3.6.1.3 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Cryptographic keys used to protect stored account data are secured Shared n/a Access to cleartext cryptographic key components is restricted to the fewest number of custodians necessary. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.6.1.4 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.6.1.4 PCI DSS v4.0 3.6.1.4 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Cryptographic keys used to protect stored account data are secured Shared n/a Cryptographic keys are stored in the fewest possible locations. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.1 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.1 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key-management policies and procedures are implemented to include generation of strong cryptographic keys used to Protect Stored Account Data. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.2 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.2 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.2 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key-management policies and procedures are implemented to include secure distribution of cryptographic keys used to Protect Stored Account Data. link 8
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.3 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.3 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.3 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key-management policies and procedures are implemented to include secure storage of cryptographic keys used to Protect Stored Account Data. link 9
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.4 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.4 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.4 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key management policies and procedures are implemented for cryptographic key changes for keys that have reached the end of their cryptoperiod, as defined by the associated application vendor or key owner, and based on industry best practices and guidelines, including the following: • A defined cryptoperiod for each key type in use. • A process for key changes at the end of the defined cryptoperiod. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.5 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.5 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.5 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key management policies procedures are implemented to include the retirement, replacement, or destruction of keys used to Protect Stored Account Data, as deemed necessary when: • The key has reached the end of its defined cryptoperiod. • The integrity of the key has been weakened, including when personnel with knowledge of a cleartext key component leaves the company, or the role for which the key component was known. • When keys are suspected of or known to be compromised. • Retired or replaced keys are not used for encryption operations. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.6 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.6 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.6 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Where manual cleartext cryptographic keymanagement operations are performed by personnel, key-management policies and procedures are implemented include managing these operations using split knowledge and dual control. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.7 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.7 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.7 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key management policies and procedures are implemented to include the prevention of unauthorized substitution of cryptographic keys. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.8 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.8 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.8 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Key management policies and procedures are implemented to include that cryptographic key custodians formally acknowledge (in writing or electronically) that they understand and accept their key-custodian responsibilities. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 3.7.9 PCI_DSS_v4.0_3.7.9 PCI DSS v4.0 3.7.9 Requirement 03: Protect Stored Account Data Where cryptography is used to protect stored account data, key management processes and procedures covering all aspects of the key lifecycle are defined and implemented Shared n/a Where a service provider shares cryptographic keys with its customers for transmission or storage of account data, guidance on secure transmission, storage and updating of such keys is documented and distributed to the service providers' customers. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 4.2.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_4.2.1 PCI DSS v4.0 4.2.1 Requirement 04: Protect Cardholder Data with Strong Cryptography During Transmission Over Open, Public Networks PAN is protected with strong cryptography during transmission Shared n/a Strong cryptography and security protocols are implemented as follows to safeguard PAN during transmission over open, public networks: • Only trusted keys and certificates are accepted. • Certificates used to safeguard PAN during transmission over open, public networks are confirmed as valid and are not expired or revoked. This bullet is a best practice until its effective date; refer to applicability notes below for details. • The protocol in use supports only secure versions or configurations and does not support fallback to, or use of insecure versions, algorithms, key sizes, or implementations. • The encryption strength is appropriate for the encryption methodology in use. link 12
PCI_DSS_v4.0 4.2.1.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_4.2.1.1 PCI DSS v4.0 4.2.1.1 Requirement 04: Protect Cardholder Data with Strong Cryptography During Transmission Over Open, Public Networks PAN is protected with strong cryptography during transmission Shared n/a An inventory of the entity’s trusted keys and certificates used to protect PAN during transmission is maintained. link 8
SOC_2 CC6.1 SOC_2_CC6.1 SOC 2 Type 2 CC6.1 Logical and Physical Access Controls Logical access security software, infrastructure, and architectures Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The following points of focus, specifically related to all engagements using the trust services criteria, highlight important characteristics relating to this criterion: • Identifies and Manages the Inventory of Information Assets — The entity identifies, Page 29 TSP Ref. # TRUST SERVICES CRITERIA AND POINTS OF FOCUS inventories, classifies, and manages information assets. • Restricts Logical Access — Logical access to information assets, including hardware, data (at-rest, during processing, or in transmission), software, administrative authorities, mobile devices, output, and offline system components is restricted through the use of access control software and rule sets. • Identifies and Authenticates Users — Persons, infrastructure, and software are identified and authenticated prior to accessing information assets, whether locally or remotely. • Considers Network Segmentation — Network segmentation permits unrelated portions of the entity's information system to be isolated from each other. • Manages Points of Access — Points of access by outside entities and the types of data that flow through the points of access are identified, inventoried, and managed. The types of individuals and systems using each point of access are identified, documented, and managed. • Restricts Access to Information Assets — Combinations of data classification, separate data structures, port restrictions, access protocol restrictions, user identification, and digital certificates are used to establish access-control rules for information assets. • Manages Identification and Authentication — Identification and authentication requirements are established, documented, and managed for individuals and systems accessing entity information, infrastructure, and software. • Manages Credentials for Infrastructure and Software — New internal and external infrastructure and software are registered, authorized, and documented prior to being granted access credentials and implemented on the network or access point. Credentials are removed and access is disabled when access is no longer required or the infrastructure and software are no longer in use. • Uses Encryption to Protect Data — The entity uses encryption to supplement other measures used to protect data at rest, when such protections are deemed appropriate based on assessed risk. • Protects Encryption Keys — Processes are in place to protect encryption keys during generation, storage, use, and destruction 80
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 2.1 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_2.1 SWIFT CSCF v2022 2.1 2. Reduce Attack Surface and Vulnerabilities Ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity of application data flows between local SWIFT-related components. Shared n/a Confidentiality, integrity, and authentication mechanisms are implemented to protect SWIFT-related component-to-component or system-to-system data flows. link 36
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 3.1 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_3.1 SWIFT CSCF v2022 3.1 3. Physically Secure the Environment Prevent unauthorised physical access to sensitive equipment, workplace environments, hosting sites, and storage. Shared n/a Physical security controls are in place to protect access to sensitive equipment, hosting sites, and storage. link 8
Initiatives usage
Initiative DisplayName Initiative Id Initiative Category State Type
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.1.0 1a5bb27d-173f-493e-9568-eb56638dde4d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.3.0 612b5213-9160-4969-8578-1518bd2a000c Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.4.0 c3f5c4d9-9a1d-4a99-85c0-7f93e384d5c5 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v2.0.0 06f19060-9e68-4070-92ca-f15cc126059e Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP High d5264498-16f4-418a-b659-fa7ef418175f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP Moderate e95f5a9f-57ad-4d03-bb0b-b1d16db93693 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
HITRUST/HIPAA a169a624-5599-4385-a696-c8d643089fab Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
ISO 27001:2013 89c6cddc-1c73-4ac1-b19c-54d1a15a42f2 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-171 Rev. 2 03055927-78bd-4236-86c0-f36125a10dc9 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 cf25b9c1-bd23-4eb6-bd2c-f4f3ac644a5f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 179d1daa-458f-4e47-8086-2a68d0d6c38f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
PCI DSS v4 c676748e-3af9-4e22-bc28-50feed564afb Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SOC 2 Type 2 4054785f-702b-4a98-9215-009cbd58b141 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
Spain ENS 175daf90-21e1-4fec-b745-7b4c909aa94c Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2022 7bc7cd6c-4114-ff31-3cac-59be3157596d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
History
Date/Time (UTC ymd) (i) Change type Change detail
2022-09-27 16:35:32 change Minor (1.0.0 > 1.1.0)
2022-09-02 16:33:37 add 51e4b233-8ee3-8bdc-8f5f-f33bd0d229b7
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