last sync: 2024-Apr-19 17:43:58 UTC

Establish procedures for initial authenticator distribution | Regulatory Compliance - Documentation

Azure BuiltIn Policy definition

Source Azure Portal
Display name Establish procedures for initial authenticator distribution
Id 35963d41-4263-0ef9-98d5-70eb058f9e3c
Version 1.1.0
Details on versioning
Category Regulatory Compliance
Microsoft Learn
Description CMA_0276 - Establish procedures for initial authenticator distribution
Additional metadata Name/Id: CMA_0276 / CMA_0276
Category: Documentation
Title: Establish procedures for initial authenticator distribution
Ownership: Customer
Description: Microsoft recommends that your organization establish and implement processes for initial authenticator distribution, lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and revoking authenticators. It is also recommended that your organization to manage the information system authenticators by establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators as defined by the organization. Your organization should consider creating and maintaining Identification and Authentication policies and standard operating procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators. Your organization may consider documenting requirements for enrollment codes when distributing initial authenticators. NIST 800-63A recommends minimizing the wait time for users to receive their authenticator after completing the enrollment process in order to enable users to access information systems as needed. It is also recommended that your organization ensure that users are informed about the process for receiving their authenticators.
Requirements: The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation.
Mode All
Type BuiltIn
Preview False
Deprecated False
Effect Default
Manual
Allowed
Manual, Disabled
RBAC role(s) none
Rule aliases none
Rule resource types IF (1)
Microsoft.Resources/subscriptions
Compliance
The following 19 compliance controls are associated with this Policy definition 'Establish procedures for initial authenticator distribution' (35963d41-4263-0ef9-98d5-70eb058f9e3c)
Control Domain Control Name MetadataId Category Title Owner Requirements Description Info Policy#
FedRAMP_High_R4 IA-5 FedRAMP_High_R4_IA-5 FedRAMP High IA-5 Identification And Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a The organization manages information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation; f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators; g. Changing/refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type]; h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators; and j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. Supplemental Guidance: Individual authenticators include, for example, passwords, tokens, biometrics, PKI certificates, and key cards. Initial authenticator content is the actual content (e.g., the initial password) as opposed to requirements about authenticator content (e.g., minimum password length). In many cases, developers ship information system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. The requirement to protect individual authenticators may be implemented via control PL-4 or PS-6 for authenticators in the possession of individuals and by controls AC-3, AC-6, and SC-28 for authenticators stored within organizational information systems (e.g., passwords stored in hashed or encrypted formats, files containing encrypted or hashed passwords accessible with administrator privileges). Information systems support individual authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including, for example, minimum password length, password composition, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Specific actions that can be taken to safeguard authenticators include, for example, maintaining possession of individual authenticators, not loaning or sharing individual authenticators with others, and reporting lost, stolen, or compromised authenticators immediately. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include, for example, certificates and passwords. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, CM-6, IA-2, IA-4, IA-8, PL-4, PS-5, PS-6, SC-12, SC-13, SC-17, SC-28. References: OMB Memoranda 04-04, 11-11; FIPS Publication 201; NIST Special Publications 800-73, 800-63, 800-76, 800-78; FICAM Roadmap and Implementation Guidance link 18
FedRAMP_High_R4 IA-5(2) FedRAMP_High_R4_IA-5(2) FedRAMP High IA-5 (2) Identification And Authentication Pki-Based Authentication Shared n/a The information system, for PKI-based authentication: (a) Validates certifications by constructing and verifying a certification path to an accepted trust anchor including checking certificate status information; (b) Enforces authorized access to the corresponding private key; (c) Maps the authenticated identity to the account of the individual or group; and (d) Implements a local cache of revocation data to support path discovery and validation in case of inability to access revocation information via the network. Supplemental Guidance: Status information for certification paths includes, for example, certificate revocation lists or certificate status protocol responses. For PIV cards, validation of certifications involves the construction and verification of a certification path to the Common Policy Root trust anchor including certificate policy processing. Related control: IA-6. link 7
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 IA-5 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_IA-5 FedRAMP Moderate IA-5 Identification And Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a The organization manages information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation; f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators; g. Changing/refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type]; h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators; and j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. Supplemental Guidance: Individual authenticators include, for example, passwords, tokens, biometrics, PKI certificates, and key cards. Initial authenticator content is the actual content (e.g., the initial password) as opposed to requirements about authenticator content (e.g., minimum password length). In many cases, developers ship information system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. The requirement to protect individual authenticators may be implemented via control PL-4 or PS-6 for authenticators in the possession of individuals and by controls AC-3, AC-6, and SC-28 for authenticators stored within organizational information systems (e.g., passwords stored in hashed or encrypted formats, files containing encrypted or hashed passwords accessible with administrator privileges). Information systems support individual authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including, for example, minimum password length, password composition, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Specific actions that can be taken to safeguard authenticators include, for example, maintaining possession of individual authenticators, not loaning or sharing individual authenticators with others, and reporting lost, stolen, or compromised authenticators immediately. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include, for example, certificates and passwords. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, CM-6, IA-2, IA-4, IA-8, PL-4, PS-5, PS-6, SC-12, SC-13, SC-17, SC-28. References: OMB Memoranda 04-04, 11-11; FIPS Publication 201; NIST Special Publications 800-73, 800-63, 800-76, 800-78; FICAM Roadmap and Implementation Guidance link 18
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 IA-5(2) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_IA-5(2) FedRAMP Moderate IA-5 (2) Identification And Authentication Pki-Based Authentication Shared n/a The information system, for PKI-based authentication: (a) Validates certifications by constructing and verifying a certification path to an accepted trust anchor including checking certificate status information; (b) Enforces authorized access to the corresponding private key; (c) Maps the authenticated identity to the account of the individual or group; and (d) Implements a local cache of revocation data to support path discovery and validation in case of inability to access revocation information via the network. Supplemental Guidance: Status information for certification paths includes, for example, certificate revocation lists or certificate status protocol responses. For PIV cards, validation of certifications involves the construction and verification of a certification path to the Common Policy Root trust anchor including certificate policy processing. Related control: IA-6. link 7
hipaa 1014.01d1System.12-01.d hipaa-1014.01d1System.12-01.d 1014.01d1System.12-01.d 10 Password Management 1014.01d1System.12-01.d 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization avoids the use of third-parties or unprotected (clear text) electronic mail messages for the dissemination of passwords. 11
hipaa 1015.01d1System.14-01.d hipaa-1015.01d1System.14-01.d 1015.01d1System.14-01.d 10 Password Management 1015.01d1System.14-01.d 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a Users acknowledge receipt of passwords. 4
hipaa 1031.01d1System.34510-01.d hipaa-1031.01d1System.34510-01.d 1031.01d1System.34510-01.d 10 Password Management 1031.01d1System.34510-01.d 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization changes passwords for default system accounts, whenever there is any indication of password compromise, at first logon following the issuance of a temporary password, and requires immediate selection of a new password upon account recovery. 6
hipaa 1107.01b1System.2-01.b hipaa-1107.01b1System.2-01.b 1107.01b1System.2-01.b 11 Access Control 1107.01b1System.2-01.b 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a Default and unnecessary system accounts are removed, disabled, or otherwise secured (e.g., the passwords are changed and privileges are reduced to the lowest levels of access). 4
hipaa 11111.01q2System.4-01.q hipaa-11111.01q2System.4-01.q 11111.01q2System.4-01.q 11 Access Control 11111.01q2System.4-01.q 01.05 Operating System Access Control Shared n/a When PKI-based authentication is used, the information system validates certificates by constructing and verifying a certification path to an accepted trust anchor, including checking certificate status information; enforces access to the corresponding private key; maps the identity to the corresponding account of the individual or group; and implements a local cache of revocation data to support path discovery and validation in case of an inability to access revocation information via the network. 4
ISO27001-2013 A.9.2.1 ISO27001-2013_A.9.2.1 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.2.1 Access Control User registration and de-registration Shared n/a A formal user registration and de-registration process shall be implemented to enable assignment of access rights. link 27
ISO27001-2013 A.9.2.4 ISO27001-2013_A.9.2.4 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.2.4 Access Control Management of secret authentication information of users Shared n/a The allocation of secret authentication information shall be controlled through a formal management process. link 21
ISO27001-2013 A.9.3.1 ISO27001-2013_A.9.3.1 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.3.1 Access Control Use of secret authentication information Shared n/a Users shall be required to follow the organization's practices in the use of secret authentication information. link 15
ISO27001-2013 A.9.4.3 ISO27001-2013_A.9.4.3 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.4.3 Access Control Password management system Shared n/a Password management systems shall be interactive and shall ensure quality password. link 22
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .5.2 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.5.2 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.5.2 Identification and Authentication Authenticate (or verify) the identities of users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational systems. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Individual authenticators include the following: passwords, key cards, cryptographic devices, and one-time password devices. Initial authenticator content is the actual content of the authenticator, for example, the initial password. In contrast, the requirements about authenticator content include the minimum password length. Developers ship system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. Systems support authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including minimum password length, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include certificates and passwords. [SP 800-63-3] provides guidance on digital identities. link 24
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 IA-5 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_IA-5 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 IA-5 Identification And Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a The organization manages information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation; f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators; g. Changing/refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type]; h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators; and j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. Supplemental Guidance: Individual authenticators include, for example, passwords, tokens, biometrics, PKI certificates, and key cards. Initial authenticator content is the actual content (e.g., the initial password) as opposed to requirements about authenticator content (e.g., minimum password length). In many cases, developers ship information system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. The requirement to protect individual authenticators may be implemented via control PL-4 or PS-6 for authenticators in the possession of individuals and by controls AC-3, AC-6, and SC-28 for authenticators stored within organizational information systems (e.g., passwords stored in hashed or encrypted formats, files containing encrypted or hashed passwords accessible with administrator privileges). Information systems support individual authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including, for example, minimum password length, password composition, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Specific actions that can be taken to safeguard authenticators include, for example, maintaining possession of individual authenticators, not loaning or sharing individual authenticators with others, and reporting lost, stolen, or compromised authenticators immediately. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include, for example, certificates and passwords. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, CM-6, IA-2, IA-4, IA-8, PL-4, PS-5, PS-6, SC-12, SC-13, SC-17, SC-28. References: OMB Memoranda 04-04, 11-11; FIPS Publication 201; NIST Special Publications 800-73, 800-63, 800-76, 800-78; FICAM Roadmap and Implementation Guidance link 18
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 IA-5(2) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_IA-5(2) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 IA-5 (2) Identification And Authentication Pki-Based Authentication Shared n/a The information system, for PKI-based authentication: (a) Validates certifications by constructing and verifying a certification path to an accepted trust anchor including checking certificate status information; (b) Enforces authorized access to the corresponding private key; (c) Maps the authenticated identity to the account of the individual or group; and (d) Implements a local cache of revocation data to support path discovery and validation in case of inability to access revocation information via the network. Supplemental Guidance: Status information for certification paths includes, for example, certificate revocation lists or certificate status protocol responses. For PIV cards, validation of certifications involves the construction and verification of a certification path to the Common Policy Root trust anchor including certificate policy processing. Related control: IA-6. link 7
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 IA-5 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_IA-5 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 IA-5 Identification and Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a Manage system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, service, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for any authenticators issued by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost or compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default authenticators prior to first use; f. Changing or refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type] or when [Assignment: organization-defined events] occur; g. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; h. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific controls to protect authenticators; and i. Changing authenticators for group or role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. link 18
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 IA-5(2) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_IA-5(2) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 IA-5 (2) Identification and Authentication Public Key-based Authentication Shared n/a (a) For public key-based authentication: (1) Enforce authorized access to the corresponding private key; and (2) Map the authenticated identity to the account of the individual or group; and (b) When public key infrastructure (PKI) is used: (1) Validate certificates by constructing and verifying a certification path to an accepted trust anchor, including checking certificate status information; and (2) Implement a local cache of revocation data to support path discovery and validation. link 7
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 5.2 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_5.2 SWIFT CSCF v2022 5.2 5. Manage Identities and Segregate Privileges Ensure the proper management, tracking, and use of connected and disconnected hardware authentication or personal tokens (when tokens are used). Shared n/a Connected and disconnected hardware authentication or personal tokens are managed appropriately during their assignment, distribution, revocation, use, and storage. link 5
Initiatives usage
Initiative DisplayName Initiative Id Initiative Category State Type
FedRAMP High d5264498-16f4-418a-b659-fa7ef418175f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP Moderate e95f5a9f-57ad-4d03-bb0b-b1d16db93693 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
HITRUST/HIPAA a169a624-5599-4385-a696-c8d643089fab Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
ISO 27001:2013 89c6cddc-1c73-4ac1-b19c-54d1a15a42f2 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-171 Rev. 2 03055927-78bd-4236-86c0-f36125a10dc9 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 cf25b9c1-bd23-4eb6-bd2c-f4f3ac644a5f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 179d1daa-458f-4e47-8086-2a68d0d6c38f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2022 7bc7cd6c-4114-ff31-3cac-59be3157596d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
History
Date/Time (UTC ymd) (i) Change type Change detail
2022-09-27 16:35:32 change Minor (1.0.0 > 1.1.0)
2022-09-13 16:35:29 add 35963d41-4263-0ef9-98d5-70eb058f9e3c
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