last sync: 2023-Feb-06 18:40:05 UTC

Azure Policy definition

Deploy the Linux Guest Configuration extension to enable Guest Configuration assignments on Linux VMs

Name Deploy the Linux Guest Configuration extension to enable Guest Configuration assignments on Linux VMs
Azure Portal
Id 331e8ea8-378a-410f-a2e5-ae22f38bb0da
Version 3.0.0
details on versioning
Category Guest Configuration
Microsoft docs
Description This policy deploys the Linux Guest Configuration extension to Linux virtual machines hosted in Azure that are supported by Guest Configuration. The Linux Guest Configuration extension is a prerequisite for all Linux Guest Configuration assignments and must be deployed to machines before using any Linux Guest Configuration policy definition. For more information on Guest Configuration, visit https://aka.ms/gcpol.
Mode Indexed
Type BuiltIn
Preview FALSE
Deprecated FALSE
Effect Fixed
deployIfNotExists
RBAC
Role(s)
Role Name Role Id
Contributor b24988ac-6180-42a0-ab88-20f7382dd24c
Rule
Aliases
IF (5)
Alias Namespace ResourceType DefaultPath Modifiable
Microsoft.Compute/imageOffer Microsoft.Compute
Microsoft.Compute
Microsoft.Compute
virtualMachines
virtualMachineScaleSets
disks
properties.storageProfile.imageReference.offer
properties.virtualMachineProfile.storageProfile.imageReference.offer
properties.creationData.imageReference.id
false
false
false
Microsoft.Compute/imagePublisher Microsoft.Compute
Microsoft.Compute
Microsoft.Compute
virtualMachines
virtualMachineScaleSets
disks
properties.storageProfile.imageReference.publisher
properties.virtualMachineProfile.storageProfile.imageReference.publisher
properties.creationData.imageReference.id
false
false
false
Microsoft.Compute/imageSKU Microsoft.Compute
Microsoft.Compute
Microsoft.Compute
virtualMachines
virtualMachineScaleSets
disks
properties.storageProfile.imageReference.sku
properties.virtualMachineProfile.storageProfile.imageReference.sku
properties.creationData.imageReference.id
false
false
false
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/osProfile.linuxConfiguration Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines properties.osProfile.linuxConfiguration true
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/storageProfile.osDisk.osType Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType true
THEN-ExistenceCondition (3)
Alias Namespace ResourceType DefaultPath Modifiable
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/extensions/provisioningState Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines/extensions properties.provisioningState false
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/extensions/publisher Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines/extensions properties.publisher false
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/extensions/type Microsoft.Compute virtualMachines/extensions properties.type false
Rule
ResourceTypes
IF (1)
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines
THEN-Deployment (1)
Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines/extensions
Compliance The following 44 compliance controls are associated with this Policy definition 'Deploy the Linux Guest Configuration extension to enable Guest Configuration assignments on Linux VMs' (331e8ea8-378a-410f-a2e5-ae22f38bb0da)
Control Domain Control Name MetadataId Category Title Owner Requirements Description Info Policy#
ACAT_Security_Policies ACAT_Security_Policies ACAT Security Policies Guidelines for M365 Certification Protecting systems and resources Shared n/a Ensures that apps have strong security and compliance practices in place to protect customer data, security, and privacy. link 24
AU_ISM 1546 AU_ISM_1546 AU ISM 1546 Guidelines for System Hardening - Authentication hardening Authenticating to systems - 1546 n/a Users are authenticated before they are granted access to a system and its resources. link 7
CCCS AC-17(1) CCCS_AC-17(1) CCCS AC-17(1) Access Control Remote Access | Automated Monitoring / Control n/a The information system monitors and controls remote access methods. link 7
CCCS IA-5 CCCS_IA-5 CCCS IA-5 Identification and Authentication Authenticator Management n/a (A) The organization manages information system authenticators by verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator. (B) The organization manages information system authenticators by establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization. (C) The organization manages information system authenticators by ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use. (D) The organization manages information system authenticators by establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators. (E) The organization manages information system authenticators by changing the default content of authenticators prior to information system installation. (F) The organization manages information system authenticators by establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators. (G) The organization manages information system authenticators by changing/refreshing authenticators in accordance with CCCS’s ITSP.30.031. (H) The organization manages information system authenticators by protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification. (I) The organization manages information system authenticators by requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators. (J) The organization manages information system authenticators by changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. link 5
CMMC_2.0_L2 AC.L1-3.1.1 CMMC_2.0_L2_AC.L1-3.1.1 404 not found n/a n/a 57
CMMC_2.0_L2 AC.L2-3.1.12 CMMC_2.0_L2_AC.L2-3.1.12 404 not found n/a n/a 35
CMMC_2.0_L2 CM.L2-3.4.1 CMMC_2.0_L2_CM.L2-3.4.1 404 not found n/a n/a 25
CMMC_2.0_L2 CM.L2-3.4.2 CMMC_2.0_L2_CM.L2-3.4.2 404 not found n/a n/a 27
CMMC_2.0_L2 IA.L1-3.5.2 CMMC_2.0_L2_IA.L1-3.5.2 404 not found n/a n/a 18
CMMC_2.0_L2 IA.L2-3.5.10 CMMC_2.0_L2_IA.L2-3.5.10 404 not found n/a n/a 7
CMMC_L3 AC.3.021 CMMC_L3_AC.3.021 CMMC L3 AC.3.021 Access Control Authorize remote execution of privileged commands and remote access to security-relevant information. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. A privileged command is a human-initiated (interactively or via a process operating on behalf of the human) command executed on a system involving the control, monitoring, or administration of the system including security functions and associated security-relevant information. Securityrelevant information is any information within the system that can potentially impact the operation of security functions or the provision of security services in a manner that could result in failure to enforce the system security policy or maintain isolation of code and data. Privileged commands give individuals the ability to execute sensitive, security-critical, or security-relevant system functions. Controlling such access from remote locations helps to ensure that unauthorized individuals are not able to execute such commands freely with the potential to do serious or catastrophic damage to organizational systems. Note that the ability to affect the integrity of the system is considered security-relevant as that could enable the means to by-pass security functions although not directly impacting the function itself. link 10
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-17 FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-17 FedRAMP High AC-17 Access Control Remote Access Shared n/a The organization: a. Establishes and documents usage restrictions, configuration/connection requirements, and implementation guidance for each type of remote access allowed; and b. Authorizes remote access to the information system prior to allowing such connections. Supplemental Guidance: Remote access is access to organizational information systems by users (or processes acting on behalf of users) communicating through external networks (e.g., the Internet). Remote access methods include, for example, dial-up, broadband, and wireless. Organizations often employ encrypted virtual private networks (VPNs) to enhance confidentiality and integrity over remote connections. The use of encrypted VPNs does not make the access non-remote; however, the use of VPNs, when adequately provisioned with appropriate security controls (e.g., employing appropriate encryption techniques for confidentiality and integrity protection) may provide sufficient assurance to the organization that it can effectively treat such connections as internal networks. Still, VPN connections traverse external networks, and the encrypted VPN does not enhance the availability of remote connections. Also, VPNs with encrypted tunnels can affect the organizational capability to adequately monitor network communications traffic for malicious code. Remote access controls apply to information systems other than public web servers or systems designed for public access. This control addresses authorization prior to allowing remote access without specifying the formats for such authorization. While organizations may use interconnection security agreements to authorize remote access connections, such agreements are not required by this control. Enforcing access restrictions for remote connections is addressed in AC-3. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-18, AC-19, AC-20, CA-3, CA-7, CM-8, IA-2, IA-3, IA-8, MA-4, PE-17, PL-4, SC-10, SI-4. References: NIST Special Publications 800-46, 800-77, 800-113, 800-114, 800-121. link 41
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-17(1) FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-17(1) FedRAMP High AC-17 (1) Access Control Automated Monitoring / Control Shared n/a The information system monitors and controls remote access methods. Supplemental Guidance: Automated monitoring and control of remote access sessions allows organizations to detect cyber attacks and also ensure ongoing compliance with remote access policies by auditing connection activities of remote users on a variety of information system components (e.g., servers, workstations, notebook computers, smart phones, and tablets). Related controls: AU-2, AU-12. link 37
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-3 FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-3 FedRAMP High AC-3 Access Control Access Enforcement Shared n/a The information system enforces approved authorizations for logical access to information and system resources in accordance with applicable access control policies. Supplemental Guidance: Access control policies (e.g., identity-based policies, role-based policies, attribute-based policies) and access enforcement mechanisms (e.g., access control lists, access control matrices, cryptography) control access between active entities or subjects (i.e., users or processes acting on behalf of users) and passive entities or objects (e.g., devices, files, records, domains) in information systems. In addition to enforcing authorized access at the information system level and recognizing that information systems can host many applications and services in support of organizational missions and business operations, access enforcement mechanisms can also be employed at the application and service level to provide increased information security. Related controls: AC-2, AC-4, AC-5, AC-6, AC-16, AC-17, AC-18, AC-19, AC-20, AC-21, AC-22, AU-9, CM-5, CM-6, CM-11, MA-3, MA-4, MA-5, PE-3. References: None. link 21
FedRAMP_High_R4 IA-5 FedRAMP_High_R4_IA-5 FedRAMP High IA-5 Identification And Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a The organization manages information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation; f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators; g. Changing/refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type]; h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators; and j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. Supplemental Guidance: Individual authenticators include, for example, passwords, tokens, biometrics, PKI certificates, and key cards. Initial authenticator content is the actual content (e.g., the initial password) as opposed to requirements about authenticator content (e.g., minimum password length). In many cases, developers ship information system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. The requirement to protect individual authenticators may be implemented via control PL-4 or PS-6 for authenticators in the possession of individuals and by controls AC-3, AC-6, and SC-28 for authenticators stored within organizational information systems (e.g., passwords stored in hashed or encrypted formats, files containing encrypted or hashed passwords accessible with administrator privileges). Information systems support individual authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including, for example, minimum password length, password composition, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Specific actions that can be taken to safeguard authenticators include, for example, maintaining possession of individual authenticators, not loaning or sharing individual authenticators with others, and reporting lost, stolen, or compromised authenticators immediately. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include, for example, certificates and passwords. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, CM-6, IA-2, IA-4, IA-8, PL-4, PS-5, PS-6, SC-12, SC-13, SC-17, SC-28. References: OMB Memoranda 04-04, 11-11; FIPS Publication 201; NIST Special Publications 800-73, 800-63, 800-76, 800-78; FICAM Roadmap and Implementation Guidance link 18
FedRAMP_High_R4 IA-5(1) FedRAMP_High_R4_IA-5(1) FedRAMP High IA-5 (1) Identification And Authentication Password-Based Authentication Shared n/a The information system, for password-based authentication: (a) Enforces minimum password complexity of [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for case sensitivity, number of characters, mix of upper-case letters, lower-case letters, numbers, and special characters, including minimum requirements for each type]; (b) Enforces at least the following number of changed characters when new passwords are created: [Assignment: organization-defined number]; (c) Stores and transmits only encrypted representations of passwords; (d) Enforces password minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions of [Assignment: organization- defined numbers for lifetime minimum, lifetime maximum]; (e) Prohibits password reuse for [Assignment: organization-defined number] generations; and (f) Allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement applies to single-factor authentication of individuals using passwords as individual or group authenticators, and in a similar manner, when passwords are part of multifactor authenticators. This control enhancement does not apply when passwords are used to unlock hardware authenticators (e.g., Personal Identity Verification cards). The implementation of such password mechanisms may not meet all of the requirements in the enhancement. Encrypted representations of passwords include, for example, encrypted versions of passwords and one-way cryptographic hashes of passwords. The number of changed characters refers to the number of changes required with respect to the total number of positions in the current password. Password lifetime restrictions do not apply to temporary passwords. Related control: IA-6. link 15
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-17 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-17 FedRAMP Moderate AC-17 Access Control Remote Access Shared n/a The organization: a. Establishes and documents usage restrictions, configuration/connection requirements, and implementation guidance for each type of remote access allowed; and b. Authorizes remote access to the information system prior to allowing such connections. Supplemental Guidance: Remote access is access to organizational information systems by users (or processes acting on behalf of users) communicating through external networks (e.g., the Internet). Remote access methods include, for example, dial-up, broadband, and wireless. Organizations often employ encrypted virtual private networks (VPNs) to enhance confidentiality and integrity over remote connections. The use of encrypted VPNs does not make the access non-remote; however, the use of VPNs, when adequately provisioned with appropriate security controls (e.g., employing appropriate encryption techniques for confidentiality and integrity protection) may provide sufficient assurance to the organization that it can effectively treat such connections as internal networks. Still, VPN connections traverse external networks, and the encrypted VPN does not enhance the availability of remote connections. Also, VPNs with encrypted tunnels can affect the organizational capability to adequately monitor network communications traffic for malicious code. Remote access controls apply to information systems other than public web servers or systems designed for public access. This control addresses authorization prior to allowing remote access without specifying the formats for such authorization. While organizations may use interconnection security agreements to authorize remote access connections, such agreements are not required by this control. Enforcing access restrictions for remote connections is addressed in AC-3. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-18, AC-19, AC-20, CA-3, CA-7, CM-8, IA-2, IA-3, IA-8, MA-4, PE-17, PL-4, SC-10, SI-4. References: NIST Special Publications 800-46, 800-77, 800-113, 800-114, 800-121. link 41
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-17(1) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-17(1) FedRAMP Moderate AC-17 (1) Access Control Automated Monitoring / Control Shared n/a The information system monitors and controls remote access methods. Supplemental Guidance: Automated monitoring and control of remote access sessions allows organizations to detect cyber attacks and also ensure ongoing compliance with remote access policies by auditing connection activities of remote users on a variety of information system components (e.g., servers, workstations, notebook computers, smart phones, and tablets). Related controls: AU-2, AU-12. link 37
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-3 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-3 FedRAMP Moderate AC-3 Access Control Access Enforcement Shared n/a The information system enforces approved authorizations for logical access to information and system resources in accordance with applicable access control policies. Supplemental Guidance: Access control policies (e.g., identity-based policies, role-based policies, attribute-based policies) and access enforcement mechanisms (e.g., access control lists, access control matrices, cryptography) control access between active entities or subjects (i.e., users or processes acting on behalf of users) and passive entities or objects (e.g., devices, files, records, domains) in information systems. In addition to enforcing authorized access at the information system level and recognizing that information systems can host many applications and services in support of organizational missions and business operations, access enforcement mechanisms can also be employed at the application and service level to provide increased information security. Related controls: AC-2, AC-4, AC-5, AC-6, AC-16, AC-17, AC-18, AC-19, AC-20, AC-21, AC-22, AU-9, CM-5, CM-6, CM-11, MA-3, MA-4, MA-5, PE-3. References: None. link 21
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 IA-5 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_IA-5 FedRAMP Moderate IA-5 Identification And Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a The organization manages information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation; f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators; g. Changing/refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type]; h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators; and j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. Supplemental Guidance: Individual authenticators include, for example, passwords, tokens, biometrics, PKI certificates, and key cards. Initial authenticator content is the actual content (e.g., the initial password) as opposed to requirements about authenticator content (e.g., minimum password length). In many cases, developers ship information system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. The requirement to protect individual authenticators may be implemented via control PL-4 or PS-6 for authenticators in the possession of individuals and by controls AC-3, AC-6, and SC-28 for authenticators stored within organizational information systems (e.g., passwords stored in hashed or encrypted formats, files containing encrypted or hashed passwords accessible with administrator privileges). Information systems support individual authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including, for example, minimum password length, password composition, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Specific actions that can be taken to safeguard authenticators include, for example, maintaining possession of individual authenticators, not loaning or sharing individual authenticators with others, and reporting lost, stolen, or compromised authenticators immediately. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include, for example, certificates and passwords. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, CM-6, IA-2, IA-4, IA-8, PL-4, PS-5, PS-6, SC-12, SC-13, SC-17, SC-28. References: OMB Memoranda 04-04, 11-11; FIPS Publication 201; NIST Special Publications 800-73, 800-63, 800-76, 800-78; FICAM Roadmap and Implementation Guidance link 18
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 IA-5(1) FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_IA-5(1) FedRAMP Moderate IA-5 (1) Identification And Authentication Password-Based Authentication Shared n/a The information system, for password-based authentication: (a) Enforces minimum password complexity of [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for case sensitivity, number of characters, mix of upper-case letters, lower-case letters, numbers, and special characters, including minimum requirements for each type]; (b) Enforces at least the following number of changed characters when new passwords are created: [Assignment: organization-defined number]; (c) Stores and transmits only encrypted representations of passwords; (d) Enforces password minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions of [Assignment: organization- defined numbers for lifetime minimum, lifetime maximum]; (e) Prohibits password reuse for [Assignment: organization-defined number] generations; and (f) Allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement applies to single-factor authentication of individuals using passwords as individual or group authenticators, and in a similar manner, when passwords are part of multifactor authenticators. This control enhancement does not apply when passwords are used to unlock hardware authenticators (e.g., Personal Identity Verification cards). The implementation of such password mechanisms may not meet all of the requirements in the enhancement. Encrypted representations of passwords include, for example, encrypted versions of passwords and one-way cryptographic hashes of passwords. The number of changed characters refers to the number of changes required with respect to the total number of positions in the current password. Password lifetime restrictions do not apply to temporary passwords. Related control: IA-6. link 15
IRS_1075_9.3 .1.12 IRS_1075_9.3.1.12 IRS 1075 9.3.1.12 Access Control Remote Access (AC-17) n/a The agency must: a. Establish and document usage restrictions, configuration/connection requirements, and implementation guidance for each type of remote access allowed b. Authorize remote access to the information system prior to allowing such connections c. Authorize and document the execution of privileged commands and access to security-relevant information via remote access for compelling operational needs only (CE4) The information system must: a. Monitor and control remote access methods (CE1) b. Implement cryptographic mechanisms to protect the confidentiality and integrity of remote access sessions where FTI is transmitted over the remote connection and (CE2) c. Route all remote accesses through a limited number of managed network access control points (CE3) Remote access is defined as any access to an agency information system by a user communicating through an external network, for example, the Internet. Any remote access where FTI is accessed over the remote connection must be performed using multi-factor authentication. FTI cannot be accessed remotely by agency employees, agents, representatives, or contractors located offshore--outside of the United States territories, embassies, or military installations. Further, FTI may not be received, processed, stored, transmitted, or disposed of by IT systems located offshore. link 7
IRS_1075_9.3 .7.5 IRS_1075_9.3.7.5 IRS 1075 9.3.7.5 Identification and Authentication Authenticator Management (IA-5) n/a The agency must manage information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the agency c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators g. Changing/refreshing authenticators h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes The information system must, for password-based authentication: a. Enforce minimum password complexity of: 1. Eight characters 2. At least one numeric and at least one special character 3. A mixture of at least one uppercase and at least one lowercase letter 4. Storing and transmitting only encrypted representations of passwords b. Enforce password minimum lifetime restriction of one day c. Enforce non-privileged account passwords to be changed at least every 90 days d. Enforce privileged account passwords to be changed at least every 60 days e. Prohibit password reuse for 24 generations f. Allow the use of a temporary password for system logon requiring an immediate change to a permanent password g. Password-protect system initialization (boot) settings link 12
ISO27001-2013 A.9.1.2 ISO27001-2013_A.9.1.2 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.1.2 Access Control Access to networks and network services Shared n/a Users shall only be provided with access to the network and network services that they have been specifically authorized to use. link 29
ISO27001-2013 A.9.2.4 ISO27001-2013_A.9.2.4 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.2.4 Access Control Management of secret authentication information of users Shared n/a The allocation of secret authentication information shall be controlled through a formal management process. link 21
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .1.1 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.1.1 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.1.1 Access Control Limit system access to authorized users, processes acting on behalf of authorized users, and devices (including other systems). Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Access control policies (e.g., identity- or role-based policies, control matrices, and cryptography) control access between active entities or subjects (i.e., users or processes acting on behalf of users) and passive entities or objects (e.g., devices, files, records, and domains) in systems. Access enforcement mechanisms can be employed at the application and service level to provide increased information security. Other systems include systems internal and external to the organization. This requirement focuses on account management for systems and applications. The definition of and enforcement of access authorizations, other than those determined by account type (e.g., privileged verses non-privileged) are addressed in requirement 3.1.2. link 55
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .1.12 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.1.12 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.1.12 Access Control Monitor and control remote access sessions. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Remote access is access to organizational systems by users (or processes acting on behalf of users) communicating through external networks (e.g., the Internet). Remote access methods include dial-up, broadband, and wireless. Organizations often employ encrypted virtual private networks (VPNs) to enhance confidentiality over remote connections. The use of encrypted VPNs does not make the access non-remote; however, the use of VPNs, when adequately provisioned with appropriate control (e.g., employing encryption techniques for confidentiality protection), may provide sufficient assurance to the organization that it can effectively treat such connections as internal networks. VPNs with encrypted tunnels can affect the capability to adequately monitor network communications traffic for malicious code. Automated monitoring and control of remote access sessions allows organizations to detect cyber-attacks and help to ensure ongoing compliance with remote access policies by auditing connection activities of remote users on a variety of system components (e.g., servers, workstations, notebook computers, smart phones, and tablets). [SP 800-46], [SP 800-77], and [SP 800-113] provide guidance on secure remote access and virtual private networks. link 36
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .5.10 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.5.10 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.5.10 Identification and Authentication Store and transmit only cryptographically-protected passwords. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Cryptographically-protected passwords use salted one-way cryptographic hashes of passwords. See [NIST CRYPTO]. link 9
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .5.2 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.5.2 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.5.2 Identification and Authentication Authenticate (or verify) the identities of users, processes, or devices, as a prerequisite to allowing access to organizational systems. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Individual authenticators include the following: passwords, key cards, cryptographic devices, and one-time password devices. Initial authenticator content is the actual content of the authenticator, for example, the initial password. In contrast, the requirements about authenticator content include the minimum password length. Developers ship system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. Systems support authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including minimum password length, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include certificates and passwords. [SP 800-63-3] provides guidance on digital identities. link 24
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-17 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-17 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-17 Access Control Remote Access Shared n/a The organization: a. Establishes and documents usage restrictions, configuration/connection requirements, and implementation guidance for each type of remote access allowed; and b. Authorizes remote access to the information system prior to allowing such connections. Supplemental Guidance: Remote access is access to organizational information systems by users (or processes acting on behalf of users) communicating through external networks (e.g., the Internet). Remote access methods include, for example, dial-up, broadband, and wireless. Organizations often employ encrypted virtual private networks (VPNs) to enhance confidentiality and integrity over remote connections. The use of encrypted VPNs does not make the access non-remote; however, the use of VPNs, when adequately provisioned with appropriate security controls (e.g., employing appropriate encryption techniques for confidentiality and integrity protection) may provide sufficient assurance to the organization that it can effectively treat such connections as internal networks. Still, VPN connections traverse external networks, and the encrypted VPN does not enhance the availability of remote connections. Also, VPNs with encrypted tunnels can affect the organizational capability to adequately monitor network communications traffic for malicious code. Remote access controls apply to information systems other than public web servers or systems designed for public access. This control addresses authorization prior to allowing remote access without specifying the formats for such authorization. While organizations may use interconnection security agreements to authorize remote access connections, such agreements are not required by this control. Enforcing access restrictions for remote connections is addressed in AC-3. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-18, AC-19, AC-20, CA-3, CA-7, CM-8, IA-2, IA-3, IA-8, MA-4, PE-17, PL-4, SC-10, SI-4. References: NIST Special Publications 800-46, 800-77, 800-113, 800-114, 800-121. link 41
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-17(1) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-17(1) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-17 (1) Access Control Automated Monitoring / Control Shared n/a The information system monitors and controls remote access methods. Supplemental Guidance: Automated monitoring and control of remote access sessions allows organizations to detect cyber attacks and also ensure ongoing compliance with remote access policies by auditing connection activities of remote users on a variety of information system components (e.g., servers, workstations, notebook computers, smart phones, and tablets). Related controls: AU-2, AU-12. link 37
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-3 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-3 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-3 Access Control Access Enforcement Shared n/a The information system enforces approved authorizations for logical access to information and system resources in accordance with applicable access control policies. Supplemental Guidance: Access control policies (e.g., identity-based policies, role-based policies, attribute-based policies) and access enforcement mechanisms (e.g., access control lists, access control matrices, cryptography) control access between active entities or subjects (i.e., users or processes acting on behalf of users) and passive entities or objects (e.g., devices, files, records, domains) in information systems. In addition to enforcing authorized access at the information system level and recognizing that information systems can host many applications and services in support of organizational missions and business operations, access enforcement mechanisms can also be employed at the application and service level to provide increased information security. Related controls: AC-2, AC-4, AC-5, AC-6, AC-16, AC-17, AC-18, AC-19, AC-20, AC-21, AC-22, AU-9, CM-5, CM-6, CM-11, MA-3, MA-4, MA-5, PE-3. References: None. link 21
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 IA-5 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_IA-5 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 IA-5 Identification And Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a The organization manages information system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for authenticators defined by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost/compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default content of authenticators prior to information system installation; f. Establishing minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions and reuse conditions for authenticators; g. Changing/refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type]; h. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; i. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific security safeguards to protect authenticators; and j. Changing authenticators for group/role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. Supplemental Guidance: Individual authenticators include, for example, passwords, tokens, biometrics, PKI certificates, and key cards. Initial authenticator content is the actual content (e.g., the initial password) as opposed to requirements about authenticator content (e.g., minimum password length). In many cases, developers ship information system components with factory default authentication credentials to allow for initial installation and configuration. Default authentication credentials are often well known, easily discoverable, and present a significant security risk. The requirement to protect individual authenticators may be implemented via control PL-4 or PS-6 for authenticators in the possession of individuals and by controls AC-3, AC-6, and SC-28 for authenticators stored within organizational information systems (e.g., passwords stored in hashed or encrypted formats, files containing encrypted or hashed passwords accessible with administrator privileges). Information systems support individual authenticator management by organization-defined settings and restrictions for various authenticator characteristics including, for example, minimum password length, password composition, validation time window for time synchronous one-time tokens, and number of allowed rejections during the verification stage of biometric authentication. Specific actions that can be taken to safeguard authenticators include, for example, maintaining possession of individual authenticators, not loaning or sharing individual authenticators with others, and reporting lost, stolen, or compromised authenticators immediately. Authenticator management includes issuing and revoking, when no longer needed, authenticators for temporary access such as that required for remote maintenance. Device authenticators include, for example, certificates and passwords. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-6, CM-6, IA-2, IA-4, IA-8, PL-4, PS-5, PS-6, SC-12, SC-13, SC-17, SC-28. References: OMB Memoranda 04-04, 11-11; FIPS Publication 201; NIST Special Publications 800-73, 800-63, 800-76, 800-78; FICAM Roadmap and Implementation Guidance link 18
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 IA-5(1) NIST_SP_800-53_R4_IA-5(1) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 IA-5 (1) Identification And Authentication Password-Based Authentication Shared n/a The information system, for password-based authentication: (a) Enforces minimum password complexity of [Assignment: organization-defined requirements for case sensitivity, number of characters, mix of upper-case letters, lower-case letters, numbers, and special characters, including minimum requirements for each type]; (b) Enforces at least the following number of changed characters when new passwords are created: [Assignment: organization-defined number]; (c) Stores and transmits only encrypted representations of passwords; (d) Enforces password minimum and maximum lifetime restrictions of [Assignment: organization- defined numbers for lifetime minimum, lifetime maximum]; (e) Prohibits password reuse for [Assignment: organization-defined number] generations; and (f) Allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement applies to single-factor authentication of individuals using passwords as individual or group authenticators, and in a similar manner, when passwords are part of multifactor authenticators. This control enhancement does not apply when passwords are used to unlock hardware authenticators (e.g., Personal Identity Verification cards). The implementation of such password mechanisms may not meet all of the requirements in the enhancement. Encrypted representations of passwords include, for example, encrypted versions of passwords and one-way cryptographic hashes of passwords. The number of changed characters refers to the number of changes required with respect to the total number of positions in the current password. Password lifetime restrictions do not apply to temporary passwords. Related control: IA-6. link 15
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-17 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-17 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-17 Access Control Remote Access Shared n/a a. Establish and document usage restrictions, configuration/connection requirements, and implementation guidance for each type of remote access allowed; and b. Authorize each type of remote access to the system prior to allowing such connections. link 41
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-17(1) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-17(1) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-17 (1) Access Control Monitoring and Control Shared n/a Employ automated mechanisms to monitor and control remote access methods. link 37
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-3 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-3 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-3 Access Control Access Enforcement Shared n/a Enforce approved authorizations for logical access to information and system resources in accordance with applicable access control policies. link 21
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 IA-5 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_IA-5 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 IA-5 Identification and Authentication Authenticator Management Shared n/a Manage system authenticators by: a. Verifying, as part of the initial authenticator distribution, the identity of the individual, group, role, service, or device receiving the authenticator; b. Establishing initial authenticator content for any authenticators issued by the organization; c. Ensuring that authenticators have sufficient strength of mechanism for their intended use; d. Establishing and implementing administrative procedures for initial authenticator distribution, for lost or compromised or damaged authenticators, and for revoking authenticators; e. Changing default authenticators prior to first use; f. Changing or refreshing authenticators [Assignment: organization-defined time period by authenticator type] or when [Assignment: organization-defined events] occur; g. Protecting authenticator content from unauthorized disclosure and modification; h. Requiring individuals to take, and having devices implement, specific controls to protect authenticators; and i. Changing authenticators for group or role accounts when membership to those accounts changes. link 18
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 IA-5(1) NIST_SP_800-53_R5_IA-5(1) NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 IA-5 (1) Identification and Authentication Password-based Authentication Shared n/a For password-based authentication: (a) Maintain a list of commonly-used, expected, or compromised passwords and update the list [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] and when organizational passwords are suspected to have been compromised directly or indirectly; (b) Verify, when users create or update passwords, that the passwords are not found on the list of commonly-used, expected, or compromised passwords in IA-5(1)(a); (c) Transmit passwords only over cryptographically-protected channels; (d) Store passwords using an approved salted key derivation function, preferably using a keyed hash; (e) Require immediate selection of a new password upon account recovery; (f) Allow user selection of long passwords and passphrases, including spaces and all printable characters; (g) Employ automated tools to assist the user in selecting strong password authenticators; and (h) Enforce the following composition and complexity rules: [Assignment: organization-defined composition and complexity rules]. link 15
NZISM_Security_Benchmark_v1.1 SS-3 NZISM_Security_Benchmark_v1.1_SS-3 NZISM Security Benchmark SS-3 Software security 14.1.9 Maintaining hardened SOEs Customer Agencies SHOULD ensure that for all servers and workstations: malware detection heuristics are set to a high level; malware pattern signatures are checked for updates on at least a daily basis; malware pattern signatures are updated as soon as possible after vendors make them available; all disks and systems are regularly scanned for malicious code; and the use of End Point Agents is considered. Whilst a SOE can be sufficiently hardened when it is deployed, its security will progressively degrade over time. Agencies can address the degradation of the security of a SOE by ensuring that patches are continually applied, system users are not able to disable or bypass security functionality and antivirus and other security software is appropriately maintained with the latest signatures and updates. End Point Agents monitor traffic and apply security policies on applications, storage interfaces and data in real-time. Administrators actively block or monitor and log policy breaches. The End Point Agent can also create forensic monitoring to facilitate incident investigation. End Point Agents can monitor user activity, such as the cut, copy, paste, print, print screen operations and copying data to external drives and other devices. The Agent can then apply policies to limit such activity. link 13
SWIFT_CSCF_v2021 6.4 SWIFT_CSCF_v2021_6.4 SWIFT CSCF v2021 6.4 Detect Anomalous Activity to Systems or Transaction Records Logging and Monitoring n/a Record security events and detect anomalous actions and operations within the local SWIFT environment. link 35
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 2.3 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_2.3 SWIFT CSCF v2022 2.3 2. Reduce Attack Surface and Vulnerabilities Reduce the cyber-attack surface of SWIFT-related components by performing system hardening. Shared n/a Security hardening is conducted and maintained on all in-scope components. link 25
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 4.1 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_4.1 SWIFT CSCF v2022 4.1 4. Prevent Compromise of Credentials Ensure passwords are sufficiently resistant against common password attacks by implementing and enforcing an effective password policy. Shared n/a All application and operating system accounts enforce passwords with appropriate parameters such as length, complexity, validity, and the number of failed login attempts. Similarly, personal tokens and mobile devices enforce passwords or a Personal Identification Number (PIN) with appropriate parameters. link 17
UK_NCSC_CSP 10 UK_NCSC_CSP_10 UK NCSC CSP 10 Identity and authentication Identity and authentication Shared n/a All access to service interfaces should be constrained to authenticated and authorised individuals. link 25
History
Date/Time (UTC ymd) (i) Change type Change detail
2022-03-18 17:53:47 change Major (2.0.0 > 3.0.0)
2022-01-28 17:51:01 change Major (1.2.0 > 2.0.0)
2021-12-06 22:17:57 change Minor (1.1.1 > 1.2.0)
2021-10-08 15:47:40 change Patch (1.1.0 > 1.1.1) *changes on text case sensitivity are not tracked
2021-10-04 15:27:15 change Minor (1.0.1 > 1.1.0)
2021-05-11 14:06:18 change Patch (1.0.0 > 1.0.1) *changes on text case sensitivity are not tracked
2020-09-15 14:06:41 change Previous DisplayName: [Preview]: Deploy the Linux Guest Configuration extension to enable Guest Configuration assignments on Linux VMs
2020-08-05 13:05:29 change Previous DisplayName: [Preview]: Deploy the Linux Guest Configuration extension to enable Guest Configuration assignments on Linux virtual machines
2020-06-23 16:03:25 add 331e8ea8-378a-410f-a2e5-ae22f38bb0da
Initiatives
usage
Initiative DisplayName Initiative Id Initiative Category State Type
[Deprecated]: DoD Impact Level 4 8d792a84-723c-4d92-a3c3-e4ed16a2d133 Regulatory Compliance Deprecated BuiltIn
[Preview]: Australian Government ISM PROTECTED 27272c0b-c225-4cc3-b8b0-f2534b093077 Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
[Preview]: CMMC 2.0 Level 2 4e50fd13-098b-3206-61d6-d1d78205cb45 Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
[Preview]: Deploy prerequisites to enable Guest Configuration policies on virtual machines using user-assigned managed identity 2b0ce52e-301c-4221-ab38-1601e2b4cee3 Guest Configuration Preview BuiltIn
[Preview]: Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) 92646f03-e39d-47a9-9e24-58d60ef49af8 Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
[Preview]: SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2020 3e0c67fc-8c7c-406c-89bd-6b6bdc986a22 Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
[Preview]: SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2021 abf84fac-f817-a70c-14b5-47eec767458a Regulatory Compliance Preview BuiltIn
ACAT for Microsoft 365 Certification 80307b86-ab81-45ab-bf4f-4e0b93cf3dd5 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
Canada Federal PBMM 4c4a5f27-de81-430b-b4e5-9cbd50595a87 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CMMC Level 3 b5629c75-5c77-4422-87b9-2509e680f8de Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
Deploy prerequisites to enable Guest Configuration policies on virtual machines 12794019-7a00-42cf-95c2-882eed337cc8 Guest Configuration GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP High d5264498-16f4-418a-b659-fa7ef418175f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP Moderate e95f5a9f-57ad-4d03-bb0b-b1d16db93693 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
HITRUST/HIPAA a169a624-5599-4385-a696-c8d643089fab Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
IRS1075 September 2016 105e0327-6175-4eb2-9af4-1fba43bdb39d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
ISO 27001:2013 89c6cddc-1c73-4ac1-b19c-54d1a15a42f2 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
New Zealand ISM Restricted d1a462af-7e6d-4901-98ac-61570b4ed22a Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-171 Rev. 2 03055927-78bd-4236-86c0-f36125a10dc9 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 cf25b9c1-bd23-4eb6-bd2c-f4f3ac644a5f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 179d1daa-458f-4e47-8086-2a68d0d6c38f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2022 7bc7cd6c-4114-ff31-3cac-59be3157596d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
UK OFFICIAL and UK NHS 3937f550-eedd-4639-9c5e-294358be442e Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
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