last sync: 2023-Jan-27 18:40:07 UTC

Azure Policy definition

Design an access control model

Name Design an access control model
Azure Portal
Id 03b6427e-6072-4226-4bd9-a410ab65317e
Version 1.1.0
details on versioning
Category Regulatory Compliance
Microsoft docs
Description CMA_0129 - Design an access control model
Mode All
Type BuiltIn
Preview FALSE
Deprecated FALSE
Effect Default
Manual
Allowed
Manual, Disabled
RBAC
Role(s)
none
Rule
Aliases
Rule
ResourceTypes
IF (1)
Microsoft.Resources/subscriptions
Compliance The following 46 compliance controls are associated with this Policy definition 'Design an access control model' (03b6427e-6072-4226-4bd9-a410ab65317e)
Control Domain Control Name MetadataId Category Title Owner Requirements Description Info Policy#
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 1.12 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_1.12 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.12 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Guest user permissions are limited' is set to 'Yes' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Limit guest user permissions. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 1.13 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_1.13 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.13 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Members can invite' is set to 'No' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Restrict invitations to administrators only. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 1.14 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_1.14 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.14 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Guests can invite' is set to 'No' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Restrict guest invitations. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.1.0 1.23 CIS_Azure_1.1.0_1.23 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.23 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that no custom subscription owner roles are created Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Subscription ownership should not include permission to create custom owner roles. The principle of least privilege should be followed and only necessary privileges should be assigned instead of allowing full administrative access. link 6
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 1.12 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_1.12 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.12 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Guest user permissions are limited' is set to 'Yes' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Limit guest user permissions. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 1.13 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_1.13 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.13 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Members can invite' is set to 'No' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Restrict invitations to administrators only. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 1.14 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_1.14 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.14 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Guests can invite' is set to 'No' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Restrict guest being able to invite other guests to collaborate with your organization. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.3.0 1.21 CIS_Azure_1.3.0_1.21 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.21 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that no custom subscription owner roles are created Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Subscription ownership should not include permission to create custom owner roles. The principle of least privilege should be followed and only necessary privileges should be assigned instead of allowing full administrative access. link 6
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 1.12 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_1.12 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.12 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure That 'Guest users access restrictions' is set to 'Guest user access is restricted to properties and memberships of their own directory objects'' Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Limit guest user permissions. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 1.13 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_1.13 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.13 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure that 'Guest invite restrictions' is set to "Only users assigned to specific admin roles can invite guest users" Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Restrict invitations to users with specific admin roles only. link 8
CIS_Azure_1.4.0 1.20 CIS_Azure_1.4.0_1.20 CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark recommendation 1.20 1 Identity and Access Management Ensure That No Custom Subscription Owner Roles Are Created Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. Subscription ownership should not include permission to create custom owner roles. The principle of least privilege should be followed and only necessary privileges should be assigned instead of allowing full administrative access. link 6
FedRAMP_High_R4 AC-6 FedRAMP_High_R4_AC-6 FedRAMP High AC-6 Access Control Least Privilege Shared n/a The organization employs the principle of least privilege, allowing only authorized accesses for users (or processes acting on behalf of users) which are necessary to accomplish assigned tasks in accordance with organizational missions and business functions. Supplemental Guidance: Organizations employ least privilege for specific duties and information systems. The principle of least privilege is also applied to information system processes, ensuring that the processes operate at privilege levels no higher than necessary to accomplish required organizational missions/business functions. Organizations consider the creation of additional processes, roles, and information system accounts as necessary, to achieve least privilege. Organizations also apply least privilege to the development, implementation, and operation of organizational information systems. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-5, CM-6, CM-7, PL-2. References: None. link 4
FedRAMP_Moderate_R4 AC-6 FedRAMP_Moderate_R4_AC-6 FedRAMP Moderate AC-6 Access Control Least Privilege Shared n/a The organization employs the principle of least privilege, allowing only authorized accesses for users (or processes acting on behalf of users) which are necessary to accomplish assigned tasks in accordance with organizational missions and business functions. Supplemental Guidance: Organizations employ least privilege for specific duties and information systems. The principle of least privilege is also applied to information system processes, ensuring that the processes operate at privilege levels no higher than necessary to accomplish required organizational missions/business functions. Organizations consider the creation of additional processes, roles, and information system accounts as necessary, to achieve least privilege. Organizations also apply least privilege to the development, implementation, and operation of organizational information systems. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-5, CM-6, CM-7, PL-2. References: None. link 4
hipaa 0214.09j1Organizational.6-09.j hipaa-0214.09j1Organizational.6-09.j 0214.09j1Organizational.6-09.j 02 Endpoint Protection 0214.09j1Organizational.6-09.j 09.04 Protection Against Malicious and Mobile Code Shared n/a Protection against malicious code is based on malicious code detection and repair software, security awareness, and appropriate system access and change management controls. 13
hipaa 11180.01c3System.6-01.c hipaa-11180.01c3System.6-01.c 11180.01c3System.6-01.c 11 Access Control 11180.01c3System.6-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a Access to management functions or administrative consoles for systems hosting virtualized systems are restricted to personnel based upon the principle of least privilege and supported through technical controls. 7
hipaa 11219.01b1Organizational.10-01.b hipaa-11219.01b1Organizational.10-01.b 11219.01b1Organizational.10-01.b 11 Access Control 11219.01b1Organizational.10-01.b 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization maintains a current listing of all workforce members (individuals, contractors, vendors, business partners, etc.) with access to sensitive information (e.g., PII). 5
hipaa 1123.01q1System.2-01.q hipaa-1123.01q1System.2-01.q 1123.01q1System.2-01.q 11 Access Control 1123.01q1System.2-01.q 01.05 Operating System Access Control Shared n/a Users who perform privileged functions (e.g., system administration) use separate accounts when performing those privileged functions. 6
hipaa 1129.01v1System.12-01.v hipaa-1129.01v1System.12-01.v 1129.01v1System.12-01.v 11 Access Control 1129.01v1System.12-01.v 01.06 Application and Information Access Control Shared n/a Access rights to applications and application functions should be restricted in accordance with the access control policy. 12
hipaa 1143.01c1System.123-01.c hipaa-1143.01c1System.123-01.c 1143.01c1System.123-01.c 11 Access Control 1143.01c1System.123-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a Privileges are formally authorized and controlled, allocated to users on a need-to-use and event-by-event basis for their functional role (e.g., user or administrator), and documented for each system product/element. 10
hipaa 1144.01c1System.4-01.c hipaa-1144.01c1System.4-01.c 1144.01c1System.4-01.c 11 Access Control 1144.01c1System.4-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization explicitly authorizes access to specific security relevant functions (deployed in hardware, software, and firmware) and security-relevant information. 6
hipaa 1146.01c2System.23-01.c hipaa-1146.01c2System.23-01.c 1146.01c2System.23-01.c 11 Access Control 1146.01c2System.23-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization promotes the development and use of programs that avoid the need to run with elevated privileges and system routines to avoid the need to grant privileges to users. 8
hipaa 1147.01c2System.456-01.c hipaa-1147.01c2System.456-01.c 1147.01c2System.456-01.c 11 Access Control 1147.01c2System.456-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a Elevated privileges are assigned to a different user ID from those used for normal business use, all users access privileged services in a single role, and such privileged access is minimized. 6
hipaa 1148.01c2System.78-01.c hipaa-1148.01c2System.78-01.c 1148.01c2System.78-01.c 11 Access Control 1148.01c2System.78-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization restricts access to privileged functions and all security-relevant information. 8
hipaa 1152.01c3System.2-01.c hipaa-1152.01c3System.2-01.c 1152.01c3System.2-01.c 11 Access Control 1152.01c3System.2-01.c 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization audits the execution of privileged functions on information systems and ensures information systems prevent non-privileged users from executing privileged functions. 9
hipaa 1168.01e2System.2-01.e hipaa-1168.01e2System.2-01.e 1168.01e2System.2-01.e 11 Access Control 1168.01e2System.2-01.e 01.02 Authorized Access to Information Systems Shared n/a The organization reviews critical system accounts and privileged access rights every 60 days; all other accounts, including user access and changes to access authorizations, are reviewed every 90 days. 4
hipaa 1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c hipaa-1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c 1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1232.09c3Organizational.12-09.c 09.01 Documented Operating Procedures Shared n/a Access for individuals responsible for administering access controls is limited to the minimum necessary based upon each user's role and responsibilities and these individuals cannot access audit functions related to these controls. 21
hipaa 1271.09ad1System.1-09.ad hipaa-1271.09ad1System.1-09.ad 1271.09ad1System.1-09.ad 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1271.09ad1System.1-09.ad 09.10 Monitoring Shared n/a An intrusion detection system managed outside of the control of system and network administrators is used to monitor system and network administration activities for compliance. 8
hipaa 1271.09ad2System.1 hipaa-1271.09ad2System.1 1271.09ad2System.1 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1271.09ad2System.1 09.10 Monitoring Shared n/a An intrusion detection system managed outside of the control of system and network administrators is used to monitor system and network administration activities for compliance. 7
hipaa 1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c hipaa-1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c 1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c 12 Audit Logging & Monitoring 1276.09c2Organizational.2-09.c 09.01 Documented Operating Procedures Shared n/a Security audit activities are independent. 18
ISO27001-2013 A.9.1.2 ISO27001-2013_A.9.1.2 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.1.2 Access Control Access to networks and network services Shared n/a Users shall only be provided with access to the network and network services that they have been specifically authorized to use. link 29
ISO27001-2013 A.9.2.3 ISO27001-2013_A.9.2.3 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.2.3 Access Control Management of privileged access rights Shared n/a The allocation and use of privileged access rights shall be restricted and controlled. link 33
ISO27001-2013 A.9.4.4 ISO27001-2013_A.9.4.4 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.4.4 Access Control Use of privileged utility programs Shared n/a The use of utility programs that might be capable of overriding system and application controls shall be restricted and tightly controlled. link 9
ISO27001-2013 A.9.4.5 ISO27001-2013_A.9.4.5 ISO 27001:2013 A.9.4.5 Access Control Access control to program source code Shared n/a Access to program source code shall be restricted. link 10
NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3 .1.5 NIST_SP_800-171_R2_3.1.5 NIST SP 800-171 R2 3.1.5 Access Control Employ the principle of least privilege, including for specific security functions and privileged accounts. Shared Microsoft and the customer share responsibilities for implementing this requirement. Organizations employ the principle of least privilege for specific duties and authorized accesses for users and processes. The principle of least privilege is applied with the goal of authorized privileges no higher than necessary to accomplish required organizational missions or business functions. Organizations consider the creation of additional processes, roles, and system accounts as necessary, to achieve least privilege. Organizations also apply least privilege to the development, implementation, and operation of organizational systems. Security functions include establishing system accounts, setting events to be logged, setting intrusion detection parameters, and configuring access authorizations (i.e., permissions, privileges). Privileged accounts, including super user accounts, are typically described as system administrator for various types of commercial off-the-shelf operating systems. Restricting privileged accounts to specific personnel or roles prevents day-to-day users from having access to privileged information or functions. Organizations may differentiate in the application of this requirement between allowed privileges for local accounts and for domain accounts provided organizations retain the ability to control system configurations for key security parameters and as otherwise necessary to sufficiently mitigate risk. link 8
NIST_SP_800-53_R4 AC-6 NIST_SP_800-53_R4_AC-6 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 AC-6 Access Control Least Privilege Shared n/a The organization employs the principle of least privilege, allowing only authorized accesses for users (or processes acting on behalf of users) which are necessary to accomplish assigned tasks in accordance with organizational missions and business functions. Supplemental Guidance: Organizations employ least privilege for specific duties and information systems. The principle of least privilege is also applied to information system processes, ensuring that the processes operate at privilege levels no higher than necessary to accomplish required organizational missions/business functions. Organizations consider the creation of additional processes, roles, and information system accounts as necessary, to achieve least privilege. Organizations also apply least privilege to the development, implementation, and operation of organizational information systems. Related controls: AC-2, AC-3, AC-5, CM-6, CM-7, PL-2. References: None. link 4
NIST_SP_800-53_R5 AC-6 NIST_SP_800-53_R5_AC-6 NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 AC-6 Access Control Least Privilege Shared n/a Employ the principle of least privilege, allowing only authorized accesses for users (or processes acting on behalf of users) that are necessary to accomplish assigned organizational tasks. link 4
PCI_DSS_v4.0 7.2.1 PCI_DSS_v4.0_7.2.1 PCI DSS v4.0 7.2.1 Requirement 07: Restrict Access to System Components and Cardholder Data by Business Need to Know Access to system components and data is appropriately defined and assigned Shared n/a An access control model is defined and includes granting access as follows: • Appropriate access depending on the entity’s business and access needs. • Access to system components and data resources that is based on users’ job classification and functions. • The least privileges required (for example, user, administrator) to perform a job function. link 10
PCI_DSS_v4.0 7.2.2 PCI_DSS_v4.0_7.2.2 PCI DSS v4.0 7.2.2 Requirement 07: Restrict Access to System Components and Cardholder Data by Business Need to Know Access to system components and data is appropriately defined and assigned Shared n/a Access is assigned to users, including privileged users, based on: • Job classification and function. • Least privileges necessary to perform job responsibilities. link 7
PCI_DSS_v4.0 7.2.3 PCI_DSS_v4.0_7.2.3 PCI DSS v4.0 7.2.3 Requirement 07: Restrict Access to System Components and Cardholder Data by Business Need to Know Access to system components and data is appropriately defined and assigned Shared n/a Required privileges are approved by authorized personnel. link 8
PCI_DSS_v4.0 7.2.6 PCI_DSS_v4.0_7.2.6 PCI DSS v4.0 7.2.6 Requirement 07: Restrict Access to System Components and Cardholder Data by Business Need to Know Access to system components and data is appropriately defined and assigned Shared n/a All user access to query repositories of stored cardholder data is restricted as follows: • Via applications or other programmatic methods, with access and allowed actions based on user roles and least privileges. • Only the responsible administrator(s) can directly access or query repositories of stored CHD. link 8
SOC_2 CC5.2 SOC_2_CC5.2 SOC 2 Type 2 CC5.2 Control Activities COSO Principle 11 Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. • Determines Dependency Between the Use of Technology in Business Processes and Technology General Controls — Management understands and determines the dependency and linkage between business processes, automated control activities, and technology general controls. • Establishes Relevant Technology Infrastructure Control Activities — Management selects and develops control activities over the technology infrastructure, which are designed and implemented to help ensure the completeness, accuracy, and availability of technology processing. • Establishes Relevant Security Management Process Controls Activities — Management selects and develops control activities that are designed and implemented to restrict technology access rights to authorized users commensurate with their job responsibilities and to protect the entity’s assets from external threats. • Establishes Relevant Technology Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance Process Control Activities — Management selects and develops control activities over the acquisition, development and maintenance of technology and its infrastructure to achieve management's objectives. 18
SOC_2 CC6.1 SOC_2_CC6.1 SOC 2 Type 2 CC6.1 Logical and Physical Access Controls Logical access security software, infrastructure, and architectures Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. The following points of focus, specifically related to all engagements using the trust services criteria, highlight important characteristics relating to this criterion: • Identifies and Manages the Inventory of Information Assets — The entity identifies, Page 29 TSP Ref. # TRUST SERVICES CRITERIA AND POINTS OF FOCUS inventories, classifies, and manages information assets. • Restricts Logical Access — Logical access to information assets, including hardware, data (at-rest, during processing, or in transmission), software, administrative authorities, mobile devices, output, and offline system components is restricted through the use of access control software and rule sets. • Identifies and Authenticates Users — Persons, infrastructure, and software are identified and authenticated prior to accessing information assets, whether locally or remotely. • Considers Network Segmentation — Network segmentation permits unrelated portions of the entity's information system to be isolated from each other. • Manages Points of Access — Points of access by outside entities and the types of data that flow through the points of access are identified, inventoried, and managed. The types of individuals and systems using each point of access are identified, documented, and managed. • Restricts Access to Information Assets — Combinations of data classification, separate data structures, port restrictions, access protocol restrictions, user identification, and digital certificates are used to establish access-control rules for information assets. • Manages Identification and Authentication — Identification and authentication requirements are established, documented, and managed for individuals and systems accessing entity information, infrastructure, and software. • Manages Credentials for Infrastructure and Software — New internal and external infrastructure and software are registered, authorized, and documented prior to being granted access credentials and implemented on the network or access point. Credentials are removed and access is disabled when access is no longer required or the infrastructure and software are no longer in use. • Uses Encryption to Protect Data — The entity uses encryption to supplement other measures used to protect data at rest, when such protections are deemed appropriate based on assessed risk. • Protects Encryption Keys — Processes are in place to protect encryption keys during generation, storage, use, and destruction 80
SOC_2 CC6.3 SOC_2_CC6.3 SOC 2 Type 2 CC6.3 Logical and Physical Access Controls Rol based access and least privilege Shared The customer is responsible for implementing this recommendation. • Creates or Modifies Access to Protected Information Assets — Processes are in place to create or modify access to protected information assets based on authorization from the asset’s owner. • Removes Access to Protected Information Assets — Processes are in place to remove access to protected information assets when an individual no longer requires access. • Uses Role-Based Access Controls — Role-based access control is utilized to support segregation of incompatible functions. • Reviews Access Roles and Rules — The appropriateness of access roles and access rules is reviewed on a periodic basis for unnecessary and inappropriate individuals with access and access rules are modified as appropriate 20
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 1.2 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_1.2 SWIFT CSCF v2022 1.2 1. Restrict Internet Access & Protect Critical Systems from General IT Environment Restrict and control the allocation and usage of administrator-level operating system accounts. Shared n/a Access to administrator-level operating system accounts is restricted to the maximum extent possible. Usage is controlled, monitored, and only permitted for relevant activities such as software installation and configuration, maintenance, and emergency activities. At all other times, an account with the least privilege access is used. link 22
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 2.11A SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_2.11A SWIFT CSCF v2022 2.11A 2. Reduce Attack Surface and Vulnerabilities Restrict transaction activity to validated and approved business counterparties. Shared n/a Implement RMA controls to restrict transaction activity with effective business counterparties. link 10
SWIFT_CSCF_v2022 5.1 SWIFT_CSCF_v2022_5.1 SWIFT CSCF v2022 5.1 5. Manage Identities and Segregate Privileges Enforce the security principles of need-to-know access, least privilege, and separation of duties for operator accounts. Shared n/a Accounts are defined according to the security principles of need-to-know access, least privilege, and separation of duties. link 35
History
Date/Time (UTC ymd) (i) Change type Change detail
2022-09-27 16:35:32 change Minor (1.0.0 > 1.1.0)
2022-09-02 16:33:37 add 03b6427e-6072-4226-4bd9-a410ab65317e
Initiatives
usage
Initiative DisplayName Initiative Id Initiative Category State Type
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.1.0 1a5bb27d-173f-493e-9568-eb56638dde4d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.3.0 612b5213-9160-4969-8578-1518bd2a000c Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
CIS Microsoft Azure Foundations Benchmark v1.4.0 c3f5c4d9-9a1d-4a99-85c0-7f93e384d5c5 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP High d5264498-16f4-418a-b659-fa7ef418175f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
FedRAMP Moderate e95f5a9f-57ad-4d03-bb0b-b1d16db93693 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
HITRUST/HIPAA a169a624-5599-4385-a696-c8d643089fab Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
ISO 27001:2013 89c6cddc-1c73-4ac1-b19c-54d1a15a42f2 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-171 Rev. 2 03055927-78bd-4236-86c0-f36125a10dc9 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 4 cf25b9c1-bd23-4eb6-bd2c-f4f3ac644a5f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 5 179d1daa-458f-4e47-8086-2a68d0d6c38f Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
PCI DSS v4 c676748e-3af9-4e22-bc28-50feed564afb Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SOC 2 Type 2 4054785f-702b-4a98-9215-009cbd58b141 Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
SWIFT CSP-CSCF v2022 7bc7cd6c-4114-ff31-3cac-59be3157596d Regulatory Compliance GA BuiltIn
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